Stroke Research and Treatment / 2016 / Article / Tab 1

Clinical Study

The Effects of POWER Training in Young and Older Adults after Stroke

Table 1

Participant demographics and outcome measures (mean ± standard deviation).

Young ()Old ()
PrePostPrePost

Demographics
 Age (years)28.2 ± 5.265.8 ± 4.2
 Time since stroke (mos)59.7 ± 46.727.4 ± 29.0
 FMA-LE (0–34)18.8 ± 4.020.7 ± 5.822.3 ± 7.123.1 ± 8.4
 BBS (0–56)44.0 ± 10.246.5 ± 10.143.7 ± 10.942.6 ± 11.1
 DGI (0–24)15.2 ± 4.916.3 ± 4.015.6 ± 5.214.3 ± 6.1

Outcome measures
 SSWS (m/s)0.55 ± 0.320.86 ± 0.420.67 ± 0.420.77 ± 0.45
 6MWT (m)310 ± 157374 ± 123265 ± 143267 ± 152
 PKP (W/kg)77.7 ± 64.988.9 ± 65.357.4 ± 31.172.3 ± 38.3
 NPKP (W/kg)174.9 ± 63.5221.3 ± 78.4131.5 ± 29.4200.7 ± 58.0

Significant within-group difference compared with pretraining.
FMA-LE: Fugl-Meyer assessment-lower extremity motor score, BBS: Berg Balance Scale, DGI: Dynamic Gait Index, SSWS: self-selected walking speed, 6MWT: 6-minute walk test, PKP: paretic knee power, and NPKP: nonparetic knee power.

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