Table 2: Characteristics of 194 included trials.

Trial Characteristicn (%)

Year of publication
 <19801 (0.5)
 1980–198912 (6.2)
 1990–199929 (14.9)
 2000–2009122 (62.9)
 2010–201330 (15.5)
Location of first author
 USA or Canada66 (34.0)
 Europe48 (24.7)
 UK or Ireland35 (18.0)
 Asia25 (12.9)
 Australia or New Zealand13 (6.7)
 Middle East6 (3.1)
 South America1 (0.5)
Type of intervention
 Motor control, upper limb42 (21.6)
 Strength / fitness41 (21.1)
 Mental practice / perceptual training28 (14.4)
 Balance / gait / ambulation27 (13.9)
 Speech and language26 (13.4)
 Sensory training, upper limb9 (4.6)
 Activities of daily living (ADL)8 (4.1)
 Cognition6 (3.1)
 Sensory training, visual field5 (2.6)
 Motor control, functional recovery2 (1.0)
Intervention sites
 Number of studies reporting intervention site/s124 (63.9)
  Single site97 (78)
  Multi-site‡26 (21)
  Multi-country1 (1)
Sample size
 Number of studies reporting sample size194 (100)
 Median sample size (IQR)32 (20 – 58)
Intervention commencement, days post-stroke
 Number of studies reporting days post-stroke172 (88.7)
 Days post-stroke to intervention, median (IQR)142 (32.1 – 815.1)

See Supplemental Table 3 for breakdown by country.
includes 31 home-based interventions, where participants were located in a single geographical region.
‡ includes 5 home-based interventions, where the study was undertaken in several regions within the same country.