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Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations
Volume 2008 (2008), Article ID 816543, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2008/816543
Research Article

Dynamics of Fluid Fuel Reactors in the Presence of Periodic Perturbations

Dipartimento di Energetica, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi, Torino 24-10129, Italy

Received 28 May 2007; Accepted 3 December 2007

Academic Editor: Borut Mavko

Copyright © 2008 S. Dulla and C. Nicolino. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The appearance of perturbations characterized by a periodic time behavior in fluid fuel reactors is connected to the possible precipitation of fissile compounds which are moved within the primary circuit by the fuel motion. In this paper the time-dependent response of a critical fluid fuel system to periodic perturbations is analyzed, solving the full neutronic model and comparing the results with approximate methods, such as point kinetics. A fundamental eigenvalue of the problem is defined, characterizing the trend of divergence of the power. Parametric studies on the reactivity insertion, the fuel velocity and the recirculation time are performed, evidencing the sensitivity of the eigenvalue on typical design parameters. Non-linear calculations in the presence of a negative feedback term are then performed, in order to assess the possibility to control a fluid fuel system when periodic reactivity perturbations are involved.