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Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations
Volume 2012, Article ID 239319, 9 pages
Research Article

PANDA: A Multipurpose Integral Test Facility for LWR Safety Investigations

Nuclear Energy and Safety Research Department, Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI), 5232 Villigen, Switzerland

Received 18 April 2011; Accepted 25 August 2011

Academic Editor: Klaus Umminger

Copyright © 2012 Domenico Paladino and Jörg Dreier. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The PANDA facility is a large scale, multicompartmental thermal hydraulic facility suited for investigations related to the safety of current and advanced LWRs. The facility is multipurpose, and the applications cover integral containment response tests, component tests, primary system tests, and separate effect tests. Experimental investigations carried on in the PANDA facility have been embedded in international projects, most of which under the auspices of the EU and OECD and with the support of a large number of organizations (regulatory bodies, technical dupport organizations, national laboratories, electric utilities, industries) worldwide. The paper provides an overview of the research programs performed in the PANDA facility in relation to BWR containment systems and those planned for PWR containment systems.