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Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations
Volume 2013, Article ID 172518, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/172518
Research Article

Moderating Material to Compensate the Drawback of High Minor Actinide Containing Transmutation Fuel on the Feedback Effects in SFR Cores

Department of Reactor Safety, Institute of Resource Ecology, Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Postfach 51 01 19, 01314 Dresden, Germany

Received 4 September 2012; Accepted 4 February 2013

Academic Editor: Wei Shen

Copyright © 2013 Bruno Merk. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The use of fine distributed moderating material to enhance the feedback effects and to reduce the sodium void effecting SFRs is described. The drawback on the feedback effects due to the introduction of minor actinides into SFR fuel is analyzed. The possibility of compensation of the effect of the minor actinides on the feedback effects by the use of fine distributed moderating material is demonstrated. The consequences of the introduction of fine distributed moderating material into fuel assemblies with fuel configurations foreseen for minor actinide transmutation are analyzed, and the positive effects on the transmutation efficiency are shown. Finally, the possible increase of the Americium content to improve the transmutation efficiency is discussed, the limit value of Americium is determined, and the possibilities given by an increase of the hydrogen content are analyzed.