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Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 946173, 20 pages
Review Article

Overview and Discussion of the OECD/NRC Benchmark Based on NUPEC PWR Subchannel and Bundle Tests

1Nuclear Engineering Program, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
2Japan Nuclear Energy Safety Organization, Kamiyacho MT Building, 4-3-20, Toranomon, Minato, Tokyo 105-0001, Japan

Received 7 July 2012; Accepted 31 December 2012

Academic Editor: Annalisa Manera

Copyright © 2013 M. Avramova et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The Pennsylvania State University (PSU) under the sponsorship of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has prepared, organized, conducted, and summarized the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development/US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (OECD/NRC) benchmark based on the Nuclear Power Engineering Corporation (NUPEC) pressurized water reactor (PWR) subchannel and bundle tests (PSBTs). The international benchmark activities have been conducted in cooperation with the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) of OECD and the Japan Nuclear Energy Safety Organization (JNES), Japan. The OECD/NRC PSBT benchmark was organized to provide a test bed for assessing the capabilities of various thermal-hydraulic subchannel, system, and computational fluid dynamics (CFDs) codes. The benchmark was designed to systematically assess and compare the participants’ numerical models for prediction of detailed subchannel void distribution and department from nucleate boiling (DNB), under steady-state and transient conditions, to full-scale experimental data. This paper provides an overview of the objectives of the benchmark along with a definition of the benchmark phases and exercises. The NUPEC PWR PSBT facility and the specific methods used in the void distribution measurements are discussed followed by a summary of comparative analyses of submitted final results for the exercises of the two benchmark phases.