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Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations
Volume 2014, Article ID 185950, 19 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/185950
Research Article

Validation of NEPTUNE-CFD Two-Phase Flow Models Using Experimental Data

1Laboratoire d'Etudes et de Simulation des Systèmes, CEA Cadarache, CAD/DEN/DER/SESI, Bât. 212, 13108 St. Paul Lez Durance Cedex, France
2Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute for Neutron Physics and Reactor Technology, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany
3Mechanical Engineering and Construction Department, Jaume I University, Avenida de Vicent Sos Baynat, s/n, 12071 Castellon, Spain

Received 16 February 2014; Accepted 9 April 2014; Published 30 June 2014

Academic Editor: Eugenijus Ušpuras

Copyright © 2014 Jorge Pérez Mañes et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper deals with the validation of the two-phase flow models of the CFD code NEPTUNEC-CFD using experimental data provided by the OECD BWR BFBT and PSBT Benchmark. Since the two-phase models of CFD codes are extensively being improved, the validation is a key step for the acceptability of such codes. The validation work is performed in the frame of the European NURISP Project and it was focused on the steady state and transient void fraction tests. The influence of different NEPTUNE-CFD model parameters on the void fraction prediction is investigated and discussed in detail. Due to the coupling of heat conduction solver SYRTHES with NEPTUNE-CFD, the description of the coupled fluid dynamics and heat transfer between the fuel rod and the fluid is improved significantly. The averaged void fraction predicted by NEPTUNE-CFD for selected PSBT and BFBT tests is in good agreement with the experimental data. Finally, areas for future improvements of the NEPTUNE-CFD code were identified, too.