Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations
Volume 2016, Article ID 2612459, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2612459
Research Article

Time-Dependent Neutronic Analysis of a Power-Flattened Gas Cooled Accelerator Driven System Fuelled with Thorium, Uranium, Plutonium, and Curium Dioxides TRISO Particles

1Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Teknoloji Fakültesi, 58140 Sivas, Turkey
2Erciyes Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi, 38039 Kayseri, Turkey

Received 14 July 2016; Accepted 3 August 2016

Academic Editor: Eugenijus Ušpuras

Copyright © 2016 Gizem Bakır et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. E. O. Lawrence, “AEC research and development report, facilities for electronuclear (MTA) program,” Report LWS-24736, 1953. View at Google Scholar
  2. H. Yapıcı, N. Demir, and G. Genç, “Neutronic analysis for transmutation of minor actinides and long-lived fission products in a Fusion-Driven Transmuter (FDT),” Journal of Fusion Energy, vol. 25, no. 3-4, pp. 225–239, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. H. Yapıcı, G. Genç, and N. Demir, “Transmutation-incineration potential of transuraniums discharged from PWR-UO2 spent fuel in modified PROMETHEUS fusion reactor,” Fusion Engineering and Design, vol. 81, no. 18, pp. 2093–2108, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. G. P. Barros, C. Pereira, M. A. F. Veloso, and A. L. Costa, “Thorium and reprocessed fuel utilization in an accelerator-driven system,” Annals of Nuclear Energy, vol. 80, pp. 14–20, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. G. D. P. Barros, C. Pereira, M. A. F. Veloso, and A. L. Costa, “Study of an ADS loaded with thorium and reprocessed fuel,” Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations, vol. 2012, Article ID 934105, 12 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. T. M. Vu and T. Kitada, “Transmutation strategy using thorium-reprocessed fuel ADS for future reactors in Vietnam,” Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations, vol. 2013, Article ID 674638, 5 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. Abánades and A. Pérez-Navarro, “Engineering design studies for the transmutation of nuclear wastes with a gas-cooled pebble-bed ADS,” Nuclear Engineering and Design, vol. 237, no. 3, pp. 325–333, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. L. García, J. Pérez, C. García, A. Escrivá, J. Rosales, and A. Abánades, “Calculation of the packing fraction in a pebble-bed ADS and redesigning of the Transmutation Advanced Device for Sustainable Energy Applications (TADSEA),” Nuclear Engineering and Design, vol. 253, pp. 142–152, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. T. Takizuka, K. Tsujimoto, T. Sasa, K. Nishihara, and H. Takano, “Design study of lead-bismuth cooled ADS dedicated to nuclear waste transmutation,” Progress in Nuclear Energy, vol. 40, no. 3-4, pp. 505–512, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. K. Tsujimoto, T. Sasa, K. Nishihara, H. Oigawa, and H. Takano, “Neutronics design for lead-bismuth cooled accelerator-driven system for transmutation of minor actinide,” Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 21–36, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. K. Ismailov, M. Saito, H. Sagara, and K. Nishihara, “Feasibility of uranium spallation target in accelerator-driven system,” Progress in Nuclear Energy, vol. 53, no. 7, pp. 925–929, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. Y. Malyshkin, I. Pshenichnov, I. Mishustin, and W. Greiner, “Monte Carlo modeling of spallation targets containing uranium and americium,” Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, vol. 334, pp. 8–17, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. H. Yapıcı, G. Genç, and N. Demïr, “Neutronic limits in infinite target mediums driven by high energetic protons,” Annals of Nuclear Energy, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 374–384, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. H. Yapıcı, G. Genç, and N. Demir, “A comprehensive study on neutronics of a lead-bismuth eutectic cooled accelerator-driven sub-critical system for long-lived fission product transmutation,” Annals of Nuclear Energy, vol. 35, no. 7, pp. 1264–1273, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. G. Bakır, B. S. Selçuklu, G. Genç, and H. Yapıcı, “Neutronic analysis of LBE-uranium spallation target accelerator driven system loaded with uranium dioxide in TRISO particles,” Acta Physica Polonica A, vol. 129, no. 1, pp. 30–32, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  16. A. H. Martínez, Y. Kadi, and G. Parks, “Transmutation of nuclear waste in accelerator-driven systems: thermal spectrum,” Annals of Nuclear Energy, vol. 34, no. 7, pp. 550–563, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J. Adam, K. Katovský, A. Balabekyan et al., “Transmutation of 129I, 237Np, 238Pu, 239Pu, and 241Am using neutrons produced in target-blanket system ‘Energy plus Transmutation’ by relativistic protons,” Pramana, vol. 68, no. 2, pp. 201–212, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. V. Artisyuk, A. Chmelev, M. Saito, M. Suzuki, and Y. Fujii-E, “244Cm transmutation in accelerator-driven system,” Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, vol. 36, no. 12, pp. 1135–1140, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. Á. Brolly and P. Vértes, “Concept of a small-scale electron accelerator driven system for nuclear waste transmutation: part 2. Investigation of burnup,” Annals of Nuclear Energy, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 417–433, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. W. Haeck, E. Malambu, V. P. Sobolev, and H. Aït Abderrahim, “Assessment of americium and curium transmutation in magnesia based targets in different spectral zones of an experimental accelerator driven system,” Journal of Nuclear Materials, vol. 352, no. 1–3, pp. 285–290, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. T. Mukaiyama, H. Takano, T. Ogawa, T. Takizuka, and M. Mizumoto, “Partitioning and transmutation studies at JAERI both under OMEGA program and high-intensity proton accelerator project,” Progress in Nuclear Energy, vol. 40, no. 3-4, pp. 403–413, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. W. S. Park, T. Y. Song, B. O. Lee, and C. K. Park, “A preliminary design study for the HYPER system,” Nuclear Engineering and Design, vol. 219, no. 3, pp. 207–223, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. P. Seltborg and J. Wallenius, “Proton source efficiency for heterogeneous distribution of actinides in the core of an accelerator-driven system,” Nuclear Science and Engineering, vol. 154, no. 2, pp. 202–214, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. K. Tsujimoto, T. Sasa, K. Nishihara, T. Takizuka, and H. Takano, “Accelerator-driven system for transmutation of high-level waste,” Progress in Nuclear Energy, vol. 37, no. 1–4, pp. 339–344, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. D. C. Wade, W. S. Yang, and H. Khalil, “ATW neutronics design studies,” Progress in Nuclear Energy, vol. 40, no. 3-4, pp. 497–504, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. J. Wallenius and M. Eriksson, “Neutronics of minor-actinide burning accelerator-driven systems with ceramic fuel,” Nuclear Technology, vol. 152, no. 3, pp. 367–381, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. D. Westlén and J. Wallenius, “Neutronic and safety aspects of a gas-cooled subcritical core for minor actinide transmutation,” Nuclear Technology, vol. 154, no. 1, pp. 41–51, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. B. Manson, H. P. Thomas, and W. L. Hans, Nuclear Chemical Engineering, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, USA, 1981.
  29. H.-C. Kim, S. Y. Kim, J. K. Kim, and J. M. Noh, “Monte Carlo benchmark calculations for 400MWth PBMR core,” in Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Emerging Nuclear Energy Systems (ICENES '07), pp. 498–502, Istanbul, Turkey, June 2007. View at Scopus
  30. H. Yapıcı and M. Übeyli, “Power flattening in Prometheus breeder reactor using nuclear fuel and waste actinide,” Annals of Nuclear Energy, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 159–173, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. H. Yapıcı, “Power flattening of an inertial fusion energy breeder with mixed ThO2–UO2 fuel,” Fusion Engineering and Design, vol. 65, no. 1, pp. 89–108, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. G. Bakır, S. B. Selçuklu, and H. Yapıcı, “Medical radioisotope production in a power-flattened ADS fuelled with uranium and plutonium dioxides,” Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations, vol. 2016, Article ID 5302176, 11 pages, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  33. S. T. Mongelli, J. R. Maiorino, S. Anéfalos, A. Deppman, and T. Carluccio, “Spallation physics and the ADS target design,” Brazilian Journal of Physics, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 894–897, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. J. H. Conway and N. J. A. Sloane, Sphere-Packings, Lattices and Groups, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 3rd edition, 1999.
  35. D. B. Pelowitz, “MCNPX, user’s manual, version 2.6.0,” Tech. Rep. LA-CP-07-1473, Los Alamos National Laboratory, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  36. M. B. Chadwick, P. G. Young, S. Chiba et al., “Cross-section evaluations to 150 MeV for accelerator-driven systems and implementation in MCNPX,” Nuclear Science and Engineering, vol. 131, no. 2-3, pp. 293–328, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. H. W. Bertini, “Low-energy intranuclear cascade calculation,” Physical Review, vol. 131, no. 4, p. 1801, 1963. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar