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Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 7481793, 15 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7481793
Research Article

ROSA/LSTF Tests and RELAP5 Posttest Analyses for PWR Safety System Using Steam Generator Secondary-Side Depressurization against Effects of Release of Nitrogen Gas Dissolved in Accumulator Water

1Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 2-4 Shirakata-Shirane, Tokai-mura, Naka-gun, Ibaraki-ken 319-1195, Japan
2Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., 1-1 Wadasaki 1-Chome, Hyogo-ku, Kobe-shi, Hyogo-ken 652-8585, Japan
3The Kansai Electric Power Co., Inc., 8 Yokota, 13 Goichi Mihama-cho, Mikata-gun, Fukui-ken 919-1141, Japan

Received 27 January 2016; Accepted 10 May 2016

Academic Editor: Tim Haste

Copyright © 2016 Takeshi Takeda et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Two tests related to a new safety system for a pressurized water reactor were performed with the ROSA/LSTF (rig of safety assessment/large scale test facility). The tests simulated cold leg small-break loss-of-coolant accidents with 2-inch diameter break using an early steam generator (SG) secondary-side depressurization with or without release of nitrogen gas dissolved in accumulator (ACC) water. The SG depressurization was initiated by fully opening the depressurization valves in both SGs immediately after a safety injection signal. The pressure difference between the primary and SG secondary sides after the actuation of ACC system was larger in the test with the dissolved gas release than that in the test without the dissolved gas release. No core uncovery and heatup took place because of the ACC coolant injection and two-phase natural circulation. Long-term core cooling was ensured by the actuation of low-pressure injection system. The RELAP5 code predicted most of the overall trends of the major thermal-hydraulic responses after adjusting a break discharge coefficient for two-phase discharge flow under the assumption of releasing all the dissolved gas at the vessel upper plenum.