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Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 4709503, 10 pages
Research Article

Numerical Study on Hydrogen Flow Behavior in Two Compartments with Different Connecting Pipes

School of Mechanical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dong Chuan Rd., Shanghai 200240, China

Correspondence should be addressed to XueWu Cao

Received 9 October 2017; Accepted 23 November 2017; Published 14 December 2017

Academic Editor: Eugenijus Ušpuras

Copyright © 2017 HanChen Liu and XueWu Cao. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Hydrogen accumulation in the containment compartments under severe accidents would result in high concentration, which could lead to hydrogen deflagration or detonation. Therefore, getting detailed hydrogen flow and distribution is a key issue to arrange hydrogen removal equipment in the containment compartments. In this study, hydrogen flow behavior in local compartments has been investigated in two horizontal compartments. The analysis model is built by 3-dimensional CFD code in Cartesian coordinates based on the connection structure of the Advanced Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) compartments. It consists of two cylindrical vessels, representing the Steam Generator compartment (SG) and Core Makeup Tank compartment (CMT). With standard turbulence model, the effects of the connecting pipe size and location on hydrogen concentration distribution are investigated. Results show that increasing the diameter of connection pipe (IP) which is located at 800 mm from 150 mm to 300 mm facilitates hydrogen flow between compartments. Decreasing the length of IP which is located at 800 mm from 1000 mm to 500 mm can also facilitate hydrogen flow between compartments. Lower IP is in favor of hydrogen mixing with air in non-source compartment. Higher IP is helpful for hydrogen flow to the non-source term compartment from source term compartment.