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Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations
Volume 2018, Article ID 5240361, 12 pages
Research Article

Simulation of Turbulent Wake at Mixing of Two Confined Horizontal Flows

“Jožef Stefan” Institute, Jamova Cesta 36, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia

Correspondence should be addressed to Boštjan Končar; is.sji@racnok.najtsob

Received 30 August 2017; Revised 7 December 2017; Accepted 16 January 2018; Published 19 February 2018

Academic Editor: Michel Giot

Copyright © 2018 Rok Krpan and Boštjan Končar. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The development of a turbulent mixing layer at mixing of two horizontal water streams with slightly different densities is studied by the means of numerical simulation. The mixing of such flows can be modelled as the flow of two components, where the concentration of one component in the mixing region is described as a passive scalar. The velocity field remains common over the entire computational domain, where the density and viscosity difference due to the concentration mainly affects the turbulent fluctuations in the mixing region. The numerical simulations are performed with the open source code OpenFOAM using two different approaches for turbulence modelling, Reynolds Averaged Navier Stokes equations (RANS) and Large Eddy Simulation (LES). The simulation results are discussed and compared with the benchmark experiment obtained within the frame of OECD/NEA benchmark test. A good agreement with experimental results is obtained in the case of the single liquid experiment. A high discrepancy between the simulated and the experimental velocity fluctuations in the case of mixing of the flows with the slightly different densities and viscosities triggered a systematic investigation of the modelling approaches that helped us to find out and interpret the main reasons for the disagreement.