Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations
Volume 2018, Article ID 5327146, 17 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/5327146
Research Article

Assessment of Neutronic Characteristics of Accident-Tolerant Fuel and Claddings for CANDU Reactors

McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada

Correspondence should be addressed to David Novog; ac.retsamcm@govon

Received 29 August 2017; Revised 28 November 2017; Accepted 10 December 2017; Published 1 March 2018

Academic Editor: Tomasz Kozlowski

Copyright © 2018 Simon Younan and David Novog. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate accident-tolerant fuel (ATF) concepts being considered for CANDU reactors. Several concepts, including uranium dioxide/silicon carbide (UO2-SiC) composite fuel, dense fuels, microencapsulated fuels, and ATF cladding, were modelled in Serpent 2 to obtain reactor physics parameters, including important feedback parameters such as coolant void reactivity and fuel temperature coefficient. In addition, fuel heat transfer was modelled, and a simple accident model was tested on several ATF cases to compare with UO2. Overall, several concepts would require enrichment of uranium to avoid significant burnup penalties, particularly uranium-molybdenum (U-Mo) and fully ceramic microencapsulated (FCM) fuels. In addition, none of the fuel types have a significant advantage over UO2 in terms of overall accident response or coping time, though U-9Mo fuel melts significantly sooner due to its low melting point. Instead, the different ATF concepts appear to have more modest advantages, such as reduced fission product release upon cladding failure, or reduced hydrogen generation, though a proper risk assessment would be required to determine the magnitude of these advantages to weigh against economic disadvantages. The use of uranium nitride (UN) enriched in would increase exit burnup for natural uranium, providing a possible economic advantage depending on fuel manufacturing costs.