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Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations
Volume 2018, Article ID 6378504, 15 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/6378504
Research Article

Process of Air Ingress during a Depressurization Accident of GTHTR300

Mechanical Engineering Course, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Yamanashi, 4-3-11 Takeda, Kofu, Yamanashi 400-8511, Japan

Correspondence should be addressed to Tetsuaki Takada; pj.ca.ihsanamay@adekatt

Received 30 March 2018; Revised 9 June 2018; Accepted 31 July 2018; Published 2 September 2018

Academic Editor: Hidemasa Yamano

Copyright © 2018 Tomoya Shiga et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A depressurization accident is the design-basis accidents of a gas turbine high temperature reactor, GTHTR300, which is JAEA’s design and one of the Very-High-Temperature Reactors (VHTR). When a primary pipe rupture accident occurs, air is expected to enter the reactor core from the breach and oxidize in-core graphite structures. Therefore, it is important to know a mixing process of different kinds of gases in the stable and unstable density stratified fluid layer. In order to predict or analyze the air ingress phenomena during the depressurization accident, we have conducted an experiment to obtain the mixing process of two component gases and the characteristics of natural circulation. The experimental apparatus consists of a storage tank and a reverse U-shaped vertical rectangular passage. One side wall of the high temperature side vertical passage is heated and the other side wall is cooled. The other experimental apparatus consists of a cylindrical double coaxial vessel and a horizontal double coaxial pipe. The outside of the double coaxial vessel is cooled and the inside is heated. The results obtained in this study are as follows. When the primary pipe is connected at the bottom of the reactor pressure vessel, onset time of natural circulation of air is affected by not only molecular diffusion but also localized natural convection. When the wall temperature difference is large, onset time of natural circulation of air is strongly affected by natural convection rather than molecular diffusion. When the primary pipe is connected at the side of the reactor pressure vessel, air will enter the bottom space in the reactor pressure vessel by counter-current flow at the coaxial double pipe break part immediately. Afterward, air will enter the reactor core by localized natural convection and molecular diffusion.