Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Shock and Vibration
Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 97-106

Adaptivity in Crashworthiness Calculations

Ted Belytschko,1 Sang-Ho Lee,1 I-Sheng Yeh,2 Jerry I. Lin,2 Chen-Shyh Tsay,2 and James M. Kennedy2

1Departments of Civil Engineering and Mechanical Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
2KBS2 Inc., Burr Ridge, IL 60521, USA

Copyright © 1993 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


h-Adaptive finite element methods for nonlinear transient analysis by explicit time integration are described. Examples are given of adaptive calculations for simple components and prototype calculations for a full car model. h-Adaptivity offers substantial reductions in data preparation costs and improvements in accuracy.