Article of the Year 2022
Automated Detection of Microseismic Arrival Based on Convolutional Neural NetworksRead the full article
Shock and Vibration publishes papers on all aspects of shock and vibration, especially in relation to civil, mechanical and aerospace engineering applications, as well as transport, materials and geoscience.
Chief Editor Dr Tai Thai is based at the University of Melbourne and his current research focuses on high strength materials for sustainable construction of buildings, bridges and other infrastructure.
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Vibration Suppression of Bolter Miner Employing Dynamic Vibration Absorber
The bolter miner is a critical piece of equipment in the rapid set of tunneling equipment, and the load generated during coal cutting may lead to excessive vibration of the equipment and reduce its reliability. In order to reduce the vibration response of the bolter miner, this paper proposes the installation of a dynamic vibration absorber (DVA) inside the cutting arm of the bolter miner. A five-degree-of-freedom dynamics model was developed, and the cutting part was regarded as two rigid bodies flexibly connected by a rotating spring. The model’s accuracy was verified based on the field test results, and the error was within 7%. It was found that the cutting caused the first-order modal vibration, and the DVA was placed in the cavity of the cutting arm to control the modal vibration of this order. To minimize the vibration, a coupled dynamics model between the DVA and bolter miner was developed, and the DVA parameters were optimized. The results showed that the acceleration RMS and peak values of the cutting part were reduced by 12% and 30.1%, respectively; the acceleration RMS and peak values of the main frame were reduced by 6.5% and 17%, respectively, and the fatigue life of the cutting arm was increased by 34.2%.
Vibration Signal Analysis of Roadheader Based on Referential Manifold Learning
Roadheader is important large equipment in coal mining. The roadheader has a higher failure rate due to its harsh working environment and high working intensity. In this paper, we proposed a fault diagnosis method based on reference manifold (RM) learning by using the vibration signals of roadheader in the actual production process. First, health and fault vibration signals were extracted from a large number of field data. The abovementioned signals were analyzed by time domain and wavelet packet energy analysis and got the characteristic parameters of the signal which can form the characteristic parameter sets. RM method can reduce the dimension of the characteristic parameters, and the projection of different characteristic parameters was obtained. Finally, the health parameters and fault parameters of different characteristic parameters were segmented by linear discriminant analysis (LDA). It could get the different segment area range of characteristic parameters for health signals and fault signals. This method provides a set of fault analysis ideas and methods for equipment working under complex working conditions and improves the theoretical basis for fault type analysis.
Field Measurement and Energy Analysis of Ground-Borne Vibration around High-Speed Railway Viaduct
In order to investigate the vibration characteristics and propagation mechanism of ground vibrations induced by high-speed train passing through the viaduct, a field experiment is carried out, and the measured data is deeply analyzed. Besides the independent time domain and frequency domain analysis, the continuous wavelet transform (CWT) is performed on the vibration signal to analyze the energy distribution characteristics of ground vibrations from the view of time-frequency synchronous analysis. The experimental results show that the ground vibrations have obvious nonstationary characteristics; the first dominant frequency of ground vibration is concentrated between 40–55 Hz, which is affected by the excitation frequency of the train wheel axle and the peak frequency of wheel-rail interaction force. The ground vibrations attenuate gradually as the distance from the railway track increases, in which the high-frequency components above 50 Hz attenuate faster, low-frequency components below 8 Hz continuously decay in the near field, and medium-frequency components within 8−50 Hz decay slower with a longer transmission distance. Compared with traditional methods, time-frequency synchronous analysis of ground vibration signals is more accurate and intuitive, and the CWT can be used as a promising method in the analysis of ground-borne vibration from high-speed railway.
Multiple Time-Scales Analysis to Predict the Quasiperiodic Oscillatory Response of a Thin-Walled Beam Subjected to Simultaneous Resonance
This paper introduces a study on the horizontal and vertical deflections of the cross section of a thin-walled rotating beam. These deflections are governed by a system of two ordinary differential equations in order to describe their Cartesian directions. Based on multiple time-scales analysis, truncated asymptotic expansions are assumed to be approximate solutions to the given problem. Furthermore, an extracted autonomous system of differential equations governs the change rate of the amplitudes and phases of the beam deflections. The beam’s rotation speed is adjusted to be in the neighborhood of both of the natural frequencies of the deflections such that the beam is subjected to simultaneous resonance. A stability test is conducted according to the first method of Lyapunov in order to determine whether the equilibrium point is asymptotically stable or not. The beam’s deflections turn unstable once its speed is in the neighborhood of its modal natural frequencies. There exists a multistable solution at some values of the beam’s speed depending on the hysteresis manner of the model according to forward or backward sweeping of this speed. Furthermore, a range of centrifugal forces of the rotating hub can make the beam’s deflections exhibit quasiperiodic responses which are confirmed by time response, orbital map, and amplitude spectrum. Eventually, some remarks are recommended for the external excitation frequency in order that the beam stays in the periodic behavior.
Response Characteristics and Suppression of Transverse Vibrations of Mine Hoisting Conveyances Excited by Multiple Faults
The failures of steel guides can excite complex and intense transverse oscillations of hoisting containers in the mine hoisting process. The present paper mainly contributes to reveal the response characteristics of the transverse oscillations of mine conveyances excited by various faults such as interface misalignment, local bulge, orbital gap, bending deformation, and orbital tilt. First, a rigid-flexible coupled virtual prototype model between the conveyance and the steel guide was established. Subsequently, the vibration response characteristics of the container under various single and coupling excitations were simulated and analyzed. Eventually, a new type of roller cage shoe with a magnetorheological damper was put forward to decrease the transverse impact responses. Based on the hyperbolic tangent model of magnetorheological dampers, a semiactive fuzzy PID method was studied to explore the vibration suppression of the container. The results showed the fuzzy PID method can play a good role in the vibration reduction. This paper can give a fine scheme for the virtual simulation and semiactive vibration control of the mine hoisting system.
Seismic Vulnerability Analysis of Steel Clarification Tank
As a physical analysis method, susceptibility not only predicts the probability of failure of a structure under different hazard levels but also prevents disasters induced by structural damage due to vulnerable members. To study the susceptibility of steel clarification tank under earthquake action, this study analyzes the dynamic response of steel clarification tank under near-field impulse, near-field no impulse, and far-field ground shaking, derives IDA curve clusters by incremental dynamic analysis method, and conducts related studies to analyze the susceptibility of clarification tank structures through susceptibility curves. The results of the study show that the probability of failure of the clarification tank under different ground shaking intensities is different. The probability of liquid wave height transcendence of the clarification tank under seismic action is the largest, the probability of liquid wave height transcendence of the clarification tank under near-field pulsed seismic action is the second, the probability of liquid wave height transcendence of the clarification tank under near-field nonpulsed seismic action is the smallest, and the probability of transcendence occurs similarly in near-field pulsed and far-field seismic actions.