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Shock and Vibration
Volume 10, Issue 3, Pages 147-157

Laser-Generated Shocks and Bubbles as Laboratory-Scale Models of Underwater Explosions

Theodore G. Jones,1 Jacob Grun,1 L. Dale Bibee,2 Charles Manka,3 Alexandra Landsberg,4 and Daniel Tam4

1Naval Research Laboratory Plasma Physics Division Washington, DC 20375, USA
2Naval Research Laboratory Naval Oceanographic Office Stennis Space Center, MS 39522, USA
3Research Support Instruments, Inc. 4325-B Forbes Blvd. Lanham, MD 20706, USA
4Naval Surface Warfare Center, Indian Head Division Indian Head, MD 20640, USA

Received 19 January 2002; Revised 3 September 2002

Copyright © 2003 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Underwater shocks and bubbles were generated using a high energy pulsed laser system. The advantages of this experimental approach are: (1) precisely controlled and measured experimental conditions; (2) improved diagnostics, including extensive imaging capabilities; (3) unique experiments, including a simultaneously detonated line charge; and (4) the ability to provide validation quality data for hydrodynamic simulation codes. Bubble sensitivity to variation of several experimental parameters was examined. Numerical simulations were performed corresponding to the experimental shots, showing that empirical bubble theory, experimental bubble data, and simulations were all in good agreement.