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Shock and Vibration
Volume 2016, Article ID 3972791, 12 pages
Research Article

Numerical Study of Damage Modes and Damage Assessment of CFST Columns under Blast Loading

1Chongqing Key Laboratory of Geomechanics & Geoenvironmental Protection, Logistical Engineering University, Chongqing 401311, China
2Institute of Engineering Mechanics, China Earthquake Administration, Harbin 150080, China
3Beijing Canbao Institute of Architectural Design, Beijing 100850, China

Received 2 September 2015; Revised 22 November 2015; Accepted 24 November 2015

Academic Editor: Sakdirat Kaewunruen

Copyright © 2016 Junhao Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Columns of frame structures are the key load-bearing components and the exterior columns are susceptible to attack in terrorist blasts. When subjected to blast loads, the columns would suffer a loss of bearing capacity to a certain extent due to the damage imparted, which may induce the collapse of them and even cause the progressive collapse of the whole structure. In this paper, the high-fidelity physics-based finite element program LS-DYNA was utilized to investigate the dynamic behavior and damage characteristics of the widely used concrete-filled steel tube (CFST) columns subjected to blast loads. The established numerical model was calibrated with test data in open literatures. Possible damage modes of CFST columns under blast loading were analyzed, and the damage criterion based on the residual axial load capacity of the columns was adopted to assess the damage degree. A parametric study was conducted to investigate the effects of critical parameters such as blast conditions and column details on the damage degree of CFST columns. Based on the numerical simulation data, an empirical equation was proposed to estimate the variation of columns damage degree with the various parameters.