Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Shock and Vibration
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 5096128, 14 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5096128
Research Article

Stall Flutter Control of a Smart Blade Section Undergoing Asymmetric Limit Oscillations

1School of Hydraulic, Energy and Power Engineering, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu 225127, China
2Aerospace Engineering Department, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Daytona Beach, FL 32114-3900, USA
3Wind Energy Center, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82072, USA

Received 14 November 2015; Revised 10 February 2016; Accepted 23 February 2016

Academic Editor: Gianluca Gatti

Copyright © 2016 Nailu Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. G. Dimitriadis and J. Li, “Bifurcation behavior of airfoil undergoing stall flutter oscillations in low-speed wind tunnel,” AIAA Journal, vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 2577–2595, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. W. J. McCroskey, “The phenomenon of dynamic stall,” NASA TM81264, 1981. View at Google Scholar
  3. J. Yan and Y. Xin, “Oscillatory blowing control numerical simulation of airfoil flutter by high-accuracy method,” Journal of Aircraft, vol. 41, no. 3, pp. 610–615, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. J. Kurdila and M. R. Akella, “Nonlinear control methods for high-energy limit cycle oscillations,” Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 185–192, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. T. W. Strganac, J. Ko, and D. E. Thompson, “Identification and control of limit cycle oscillations in aeroelastic systems,” Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 1127–1133, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. L. Librescu and P. Marzocca, “Advances in the linear/nonlinear control of aeroelastic structural systems,” Acta Mechanica, vol. 178, no. 3-4, pp. 147–186, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at Scopus
  7. D. Tang and E. H. Dowell, “Flutter/LCO suppression for high-aspect ratio wings,” Aeronautical Journal, vol. 113, no. 1144, pp. 409–416, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. X. G. Li and S. Fleeter, “Active suppression if nonlinear stall flutter using piezoelectric actuators,” International Journal of Turbo and Jet-Engines, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 69–85, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. Z. Sun, S. Haghighat, H. H. T. Liu, and J. Bai, “Time-domain modeling and control of a wing-section stall flutter,” Journal of Sound and Vibration, vol. 340, pp. 221–238, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. T. Liu, “Aeroservoelastic pitch control of stall-induced flap/lag flutter of wind turbine blade section,” Shock and Vibration, vol. 2015, Article ID 692567, 20 pages, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. D. W. Lobitz, “Flutter speed predictions for MW-sized wind turbine blades,” Wind Energy, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 211–224, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  12. D. G. Wilson, D. E. Berg, M. F. Barone, J. C. Berg, B. R. Resor, and D. W. Lobitz, “Active aerodynamic blade control design for load reduction on large wind turbines,” in Proceedings of the European Wind Energy Conference and Exhibition (EWEC '09), pp. 643–678, Marseille, France, March 2009. View at Scopus
  13. M. D. Conner, D. M. Tang, E. H. Dowell, and L. N. Virgin, “Nonlinear behavior of a typical airfoil section with control surface freeplay: a numerical and experimental study,” Journal of Fluids and Structures, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 89–109, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. D. T. Yen, C. P. Van Dam, F. Bräeuchle, R. L. Smith, and S. D. Collins, “Active load control and lift enhancement using MEM translational tabs,” in Proceedings of the AIAA Fluids Conference and Exhibit, AIAA Paper 2000-2422, Denver, Colo, USA, June 2000.
  15. C. P. Van Dam, D. Y. Nakafuji, C. Bauer, K. Standish, and D. Chao, “Computational design and analysis of a microtab based aerodynamic loads control system for lifting surfaces,” in MEMS Components and Applications for Industry, Automobiles, Aerospace, and Communication II, Proceedings of SPIE, pp. 25–31, SPIE International Society for Optical Engineers, San Jose, Calif, USA, January 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. M. D. Maughmer and G. Bramesfeld, “Experimental investigation of Gurney flaps,” Journal of Aircraft, vol. 45, no. 6, pp. 2062–2067, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. P. Baek, M. Gaunaa, N. N. Sørensen, and P. Fuglsang, “Comparative study of distributed active load control concepts for wind turbine blades,” in Proceedings of the Science of Making Torque from Wind Conference (Torque '10), pp. 611–617, Heraklion, Greece, June 2010.
  18. D. G. Wilson, D. E. Berg, D. W. Lobitz, and J. R. Zayas, “Optimized active aerodynamic blade control for load alleviation on large wind turbines,” in Proceedings of the AWEA Wind Power Conference & Exhibition, pp. 1–4, Houston, Tex, USA, June 2008.
  19. J. P. Baker, K. J. Standish, and C. P. van Dam, “Two-dimensional wind tunnel and computational investigation of a microtab modified airfoil,” Journal of Aircraft, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 563–572, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. D. T. Yen Nakafuji, C. P. Van Dam, R. L. Smith, and S. D. Collins, “Active load control for airfoils using microtabs,” Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, vol. 123, no. 4, pp. 282–289, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. N. Li and M. J. Balas, “Adaptive flow control of wind turbine blade using microtabs with unsteady aerodynamic loads,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Green Technologies Conference, pp. 134–139, IEEE, Denver, Colo, USA, April 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. N. Li and M. J. Balas, “Aeroelastic control of a wind turbine blade using microtabs based on UA97W300-10 airfoil,” Wind Engineering, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 501–516, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. N. Li and M. J. Balas, “Flutter suppression of rotating wind turbine blade based on Beddoes-Leishman model using microtabs,” in Proceedings of the AIAA Modeling and Simulation Technologies Conference (MST '13), AIAA 2013-5078, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Boston, Mass, USA, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. N. Li and M. J. Balas, “Direct Periodic Adaptive Control of the aerodynamic loads of a rotating wind turbine blade using microtabs,” in Proceedings of the American Control Conference (ACC '14), pp. 4428–4433, Portland, Ore, USA, June 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. N. Li, M. J. Balas, H. Yang, W. Jiang, and K. T. Magar, “Numerical investigation of flapwise-torsional vibration model of a smart section blade with microtab,” Shock and Vibration, vol. 2015, Article ID 136026, 11 pages, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. M. H. Hansen, M. Gaunaa, and H. A. Hadsen, “A beddoes-leishman type dynamic stall model in state-space and indicial formulations,” Tech. Rep. Risø-R-1354, Risø National Laboratory, Roskilde, Denmark, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  27. J. W. Naughton, J. Strike, M. D. Hind, A. S. Magstadt, and A. L. Babbitt, “Measurements of dynamic stall on the DU wind turbine airfoil series,” in Proceedings of the 69th American Helicopter Society International Annual Forum 2013, pp. 2663–2676, Phoenix, Ari, USA, May 2013. View at Scopus
  28. B. S. Kallesøe, “A low-order model for analysing effects of blade fatigue load control,” Wind Energy, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 421–436, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. P. Nikoueeyan, J. A. Strike, A. S. Magstadt, M. D. Hind, and J. W. Naughton, “Characterization of the static aerodynamic coefficients of a wind turbine airfoil with gurney flap deployment for flow control applications,” in Proceedings of the 32nd AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference (AIAA '14), AIAA Paper 2014-2146, Atlanta, Ga, USA, June 2014. View at Scopus