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Shock and Vibration
Volume 2016, Article ID 9507540, 17 pages
Research Article

Knock Detection in Spark Ignition Engines Base on Complementary Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition-Hilbert Transform

State Key Laboratory of Engines, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China

Received 31 October 2015; Revised 28 January 2016; Accepted 2 February 2016

Academic Editor: Mohamed El badaoui

Copyright © 2016 Fengrong Bi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In spark ignition engines, knock onset limits the maximum spark advance. An inaccurate identification of this limit penalises the fuel conversion efficiency. Thus knock feature extraction is the key of closed-loop control of ignition in spark ignition engine. This paper reports an investigation of knock detection in spark ignition (SI) engines using CEEMD-Hilbert transform based on the engine cylinder pressure signals and engine cylinder block vibration signals. Complementary Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition (CEEMD) was used to decompose the signal and detect knock characteristic. Hilbert transform was used to analyze the frequency information of knock characteristic. The result shows that, for both of cylinder pressure signals and vibration signals, the CEEMD algorithm could extract the knock characteristic, and the Hilbert transform result shows that the energy of knock impact areas has the phenomenon of frequency concentration in both cylinder pressure signal and cylinder block vibration signal. At last, the knock window is then determined, based on which a new knock intensity evaluation factor is propose, and it can accurately distinguish between heavy knock, light knock, and normal combustion three states.