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Shock and Vibration
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 3548360, 11 pages
Research Article

Vibration Control of Tower Structure with Multiple Cardan Gyroscopes

1Beijing Key Laboratory of Earthquake Engineering and Structure Retrofit, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China
2Beijing Collaborative Innovation Center for Metropolitan Transportation, Beijing 100124, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Haoxiang He

Received 14 October 2016; Accepted 14 December 2016; Published 5 January 2017

Academic Editor: Elena Dragomirescu

Copyright © 2017 Haoxiang He et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Tower structure is sensitive to hurricane and earthquake, and it is easy to generate large deflection and dynamic response. The multiple cardan gyroscope has two rotational degrees of freedom, which can generate strong moments to constrain the two horizontal orthogonal deflections if the rotor operates in high speeds, so the structural dynamic responses can be decreased. Hence, the method of dynamic control of the tower structure under wind load and earthquake action is proposed by using the multiple cardan gyroscopes as the dampers. The dynamic mechanism and the fixed axis principle of the multiple cardan gyroscope are introduced, and the dynamic equation of the gyroscope is established. The damping mechanism of the gyroscope is also described. For the tower structure equipped with the multiple cardan gyroscope dampers, the multidimensional control equation considering torsion effect is established, and the equivalent state space equation is presented. Taking a TV Tower with a number of gyroscope dampers as an analysis example, the structural dynamic responses and damping performance under fluctuating wind loads and earthquake action is studied. The results show that the multiple cardan gyroscope dampers with suitable parameters can effectively decrease the structural vibration in horizontal directions and torsional direction.