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Shock and Vibration
Volume 2017, Article ID 4361256, 10 pages
Research Article

Shock Mechanism Analysis and Simulation of High-Power Hydraulic Shock Wave Simulator

1School of Mechatronic Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150000, China
2Department of Mechanics, Harbin University of Science and Technology, Rongcheng Campus, Rongcheng 264300, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Xiaoqiu Xu; nc.ude.tih@020809b31

Received 10 May 2017; Accepted 21 June 2017; Published 2 August 2017

Academic Editor: Abdul Qadir Bhatti

Copyright © 2017 Xiaoqiu Xu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The simulation of regular shock wave (e.g., half-sine) can be achieved by the traditional rubber shock simulator, but the practical high-power shock wave characterized by steep prepeak and gentle postpeak is hard to be realized by the same. To tackle this disadvantage, a novel high-power hydraulic shock wave simulator based on the live firing muzzle shock principle was proposed in the current work. The influence of the typical shock characteristic parameters on the shock force wave was investigated via both theoretical deduction and software simulation. According to the obtained data compared with the results, in fact, it can be concluded that the developed hydraulic shock wave simulator can be applied to simulate the real condition of the shocking system. Further, the similarity evaluation of shock wave simulation was achieved based on the curvature distance, and the results stated that the simulation method was reasonable and the structural optimization based on software simulation is also beneficial to the increase of efficiency. Finally, the combination of theoretical analysis and simulation for the development of artillery recoil tester is a comprehensive approach in the design and structure optimization of the recoil system.