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Shock and Vibration
Volume 2017, Article ID 5231727, 20 pages
Research Article

Effects of Precast Cladding Systems on Dynamic Characteristics of Steel Frame Buildings by Ambient and Free Vibration Tests

1College of Civil Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai, China
2Asahi Kasei Homes Corporation Co., Ltd., Shizuoka, Japan
3School of Architecture and Wind Engineering, Tokyo Polytechnic University, Atsugi, Japan
4School of Civil Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Jun Ma; nc.ude.ijgnot@1100200101

Received 16 February 2017; Accepted 29 March 2017; Published 13 April 2017

Academic Editor: Guillermo Rus

Copyright © 2017 Jun Ma et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Full-scale tests on a one-story steel frame structure with a typical precast cladding system using ambient and free vibration methods are described in detail. The cladding system is primarily composed of ALC (Autoclaved Lightweight Concrete) external wall cladding panels, gypsum plasterboard interior linings, and window glazing systems. Ten test cases including the bare steel frame and the steel frame with addition of different parts of the precast cladding system are prepared for detailed investigations. The amplitude-dependent dynamic characteristics of the test cases including natural frequencies and damping ratios determined from the tests are presented. The effects of the ALC external wall cladding panels, the gypsum plasterboard interior linings, and the window glazing systems on the stiffness and structural damping of the steel frame are discussed in detail. The effect of the precast cladding systems on the amplitude dependency of the dynamic characteristics and the tendencies of the dynamic parameters with respect to the structural response amplitude are investigated over a wide range. Furthermore, results estimated from the ambient vibration method are compared with those from the free vibration tests to evaluate the feasibility of the ambient vibration method.