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Shock and Vibration
Volume 2017, Article ID 5716296, 14 pages
Research Article

Enhanced Bearing Fault Detection Using Step-Varying Vibrational Resonance Based on Duffing Oscillator Nonlinear System

1College of Electrical Engineering and Automation, Anhui University, Hefei, Anhui 230601, China
2National Engineering Laboratory of Energy-Saving Motor & Control Technology, Anhui University, Hefei, Anhui 230601, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Siliang Lu; nc.ude.ctsu.liam@gnailsul

Received 28 November 2016; Revised 5 June 2017; Accepted 10 July 2017; Published 13 August 2017

Academic Editor: Mariano Artés

Copyright © 2017 Yongbin Liu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Bearing is a key part of rotary machines, and its working condition is critical in normal operation of rotary machines. Vibrational signals are usually analyzed to monitor the status of bearing. However, information on the status of bearing is always buried in heavy background noise; that is, status information of bearing is weaker than the background noise. Extracting the status features of bearing from signals buried in noise is difficult. Given this, a step-varying vibrational resonance (SVVR) method based on Duffing oscillator nonlinear system is proposed to enhance the weak status feature of bearing by tuning different parameters. Extraction ability of SVVR was verified by analyzing simulation signal and practical bearing signal. Experimental results show that SVVR is more effective in extracting weak characteristic information than other methods, including multiscale noise tuning stochastic resonance (SR), Woods–Saxon potential-based SR, and joint Woods–Saxon and Gaussian potential-based SR. Two evaluation indices are investigated to qualitatively and quantitatively assess the fault detection capability of the SVVR method. The results show that the SVVR can effectively identify the weak status information of bearing.