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Shock and Vibration
Volume 2017, Article ID 6708341, 15 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/6708341
Review Article

Review of Blast Loading Models, Masonry Response, and Mitigation

1Department of Civil Engineering, UET Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, UET Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan

Correspondence should be addressed to Amjad Naseer; moc.oohay@reesan_dajma

Received 12 April 2017; Revised 3 July 2017; Accepted 3 August 2017; Published 29 November 2017

Academic Editor: Abdul Qadir Bhatti

Copyright © 2017 Eid Badshah et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Different models for prediction of blast loading, response of masonry structure against blast load, and various mitigation strategies are discussed. Variation of peak positive incident pressure with scale distance in free field spherical burst and surface burst scenarios, proposed by different researchers, is presented and compared. The variation is found significant in the region of small scaled distances. Blast wave parameters in urban environment have been found different from the free field scenario. Effects of geometry, boundary conditions, and material properties on response of masonry buildings were found significant. Different mitigation strategies such as blast wall, landscaping, architecture, and retrofitting techniques are presented.