Shock and Vibration / 2017 / Article / Fig 16

Research Article

Refined Analysis of Fatigue Crack Initiation Life of Beam-to-Column Welded Connections of Steel Frame under Strong Earthquake

Figure 16

Fatigue test loading paths: (a) uniaxial (UA), (b) in-phase (IP), and (c) 90° out-of-phase (OP).
(a)
(b)
(c)

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