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Shock and Vibration
Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 4756352, 10 pages
Research Article

Seismic Capacity Assessment of Confined Brick Masonry Building: An Experimental Approach

1Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering & Technology, Peshawar, Pakistan
2Department of Civil Engineering, Islamic University of Madinah, Medina, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence should be addressed to Asfandyar Ahmed

Received 22 July 2017; Accepted 3 January 2018; Published 30 January 2018

Academic Editor: Giuseppe Brandonisio

Copyright © 2018 Asfandyar Ahmed et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Brick masonry is widely used for building construction throughout the world. However, unreinforced brick masonry buildings performed poorly in the 2005 Kashmir earthquake, in Pakistan, resulting in a decline in the use of brick masonry. In order to investigate and quantify the performance of brick masonry against the seismic forces by confining it through typical stiffer, line elements (column and beams), a full-scaled room model of an area 3048 × 3658 mm (10 × 12 ft) and height of 3353 mm (11 ft) was constructed using confined brick masonry. The model was tested under quasistatic loading system. Crack pattern was noted at the end of each loading cycle. The response of the model was interpreted through a hysteresis curve, which was then idealized by a bilinear curve. A comparison of the results has been made with four different studies done on the similar model made of unreinforced brick masonry before and after retrofitting and unreinforced concrete block masonry before and after retrofitting previously tested at the same testing facility.