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Shock and Vibration
Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 4813724, 9 pages
Research Article

Experimental Study on Mechanical and Acoustic Emission Characteristics of Rock Samples under Different Stress Paths

1Heilongjiang Ground Pressure & Gas Control in Deep Mining Key Lab, Heilongjiang University of Science & Technology, Harbin 150022, China
2School of Resources & Civil Engineering, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China
3College of Resource and Safety Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Beijing, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Junwen Zhang

Received 20 September 2017; Revised 23 December 2017; Accepted 16 January 2018; Published 13 February 2018

Academic Editor: Paulo B. Gonçalves

Copyright © 2018 Tao Qin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A series of tests on characteristics of acoustic emission have been performed on sandstone under uniaxial, conventional, and triaxial conditions and the unloading confining pressure path. The failure mode of rock specimen has been scanned by CT and a three-dimensional reconstruction was made. The differences on characteristics of AE, mechanics, and the failure mode of sandstone during the failure process under three paths are studied. The results show that the deformation of rock specimen is bigger, and axial strain and circumferential strain have a deformation platform at peak point of stress under the unloading confining pressure path. Characteristics of AE ringing are significantly affected by the confining pressure and stress path. AE ringing counts peak value, and accumulative ringing on the breaking moment as well as cumulative release energy is higher, which indicates that the rock failure is more violent under the unloading confining pressure path. The failure mode of rock specimen was dominated by shear failure under the conventional triaxial stress path. The tension failure is the main form at a lower initial value of unloading confining pressure, and the shear failure is more prominent at a higher initial value of unloading confining pressure.