Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Shock and Vibration
Volume 2018, Article ID 6905073, 11 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/6905073
Research Article

Numerical and Experimental Identification of Seven-Wire Strand Tensions Using Scale Energy Entropy Spectra of Ultrasonic Guided Waves

1State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Mountain Bridge and Tunnel Engineering, Chongqing Jiaotong University, Chongqing 400074, China
2College of Civil Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Xu Wang; nc.ude.utjqc@gnawux

Received 16 January 2018; Accepted 26 February 2018; Published 5 April 2018

Academic Editor: Emanuele Reccia

Copyright © 2018 Ji Qian et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Z. P. Bažant, Q. Yu, and G.-H. Li, “Excessive long-time deflections of prestressed box girders. I: record-span Bridge in Palau and other paradigms,” Journal of Structural Engineering, vol. 138, no. 6, pp. 676–686, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. C. Lan, Z. Zhou, and J. Ou, “Full-scale prestress loss monitoring of damaged RC structures using distributed optical fiber sensing technology,” Sensors, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 5380–5394, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. C. Lan, Z. Zhou, and J. Ou, “Monitoring of structural prestress loss in RC beams by inner distributed Brillouin and fiber Bragg grating sensors on a single optical fiber,” Structural Control and Health Monitoring, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 317–330, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. G. Wang, M. L. Wang, Y. Zhao, Y. Chen, and B. Sun, “Application of em stress sensors in large steel cables,” in Proceeding of SPIE, Smart Structures and Materials, International Society for Optics and Photonics, vol. 5765, pp. 395–406, USA, March 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. Y. Zhao and M. L. Wang, “Non-destructive condition evaluation of stress in steel cable using magnetoelastic technology,” in Proceedings of the of SPIE 6178, Nondestructive Evaulation for Health Monitoring & Diagnostics, International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2006.
  6. T. W. Krause, R. W. Little, R. Barnes, R. M. Donaldson, B. Ma, and D. L. Atherton, “Effect of stress concentration on magnetic flux leakage signals from blind-hole defects in stressed pipeline steel,” Research in Nondestructive Evaluation, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 83–100, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. C. Mandache, “Magnetic flux leakage investigation of interacting defects: Stress and geometry effects,” Developments in Earth Surface Processes, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 235–247, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  8. R. E. Ogilvie, “A different approach to X-ray stress analysis,” Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, vol. 62, no. 6-7, pp. 529–532, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. E. Dobročka, P. Novák, D. Búc, L. Harmatha, and J. Murín, “X-ray diffraction analysis of residual stresses in textured ZnO thin films,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 395, pp. 16–23, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. Lei, J.-H. Huang, and H. Chen, “Measurement of residual stress on TiN/Ti bilayer thin films using average X-ray strain combined with laser curvature and nanoindentation methods,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 199, pp. 185–192, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. V. Madenga, D. H. Zou, and C. Zhang, “Effects of curing time and frequency on ultrasonic wave velocity in grouted rock bolts,” Journal of Applied Geophysics, vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 79–87, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. H. Kwun, S. Y. Kim, H. Matsumoto, and S. Vinogradov, “Detection of axial cracks in tube and pipe using torsional guided waves,” in Proceedings of the 34th Annual Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation, vol. 975, pp. 193–199, American Institute of Physics, USA, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. Wu, Z. Ma, and Y. Zhang, “A Time-Frequency Research for Ultrasonic Guided Wave Generated from the Debonding Based on a Novel Time-Frequency Analysis Technique,” Shock and Vibration, vol. 2017, Article ID 5686984, 11 pages, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. H. Kwun, K. A. Bartels, and J. J. Hanley, “Effects of tensile loading on the properties of elastic-wave propagation in a strand,” The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol. 103, no. 6, pp. 3370–3375, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. L. Laguerre, M. Brissaud, and J.-C. Aime, “Low frequency ultrasound reflectometry device based on magneto-elastic transducers for the non-destructive evaluation of steel rods and cables,” Bulletin des Laboratories des Ponts et Chaussees, no. 239, pp. 7–27, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. F. Treyssède and L. Laguerre, “Investigation of elastic modes propagating in multi-wire helical waveguides,” Journal of Sound and Vibration, vol. 329, no. 10, pp. 1702–1716, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. I. Bartoli, G. Castellazzi, A. Marzani, and S. Salamone, “Prediction of stress waves propagation in progressively loaded seven wire strands,” in Proceedings of the Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems (SPIE '12), vol. 8345, USA, March 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. Y. Liu, Q. Han, C. Li, and H. Huang, “Numerical investigation of dispersion relations for helical waveguides using the Scaled Boundary Finite Element method,” Journal of Sound and Vibration, vol. 333, no. 7, pp. 1991–2002, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. P. Rizzo and F. Lanza di Scalea, “Wave propagation in multi-wire strands by wavelet-based laser ultrasound,” Experimental Mechanics, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 407–415, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. P. Rizzo, “Ultrasonic wave propagation in progressively loaded multi-wire strands,” Experimental Mechanics, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 297–306, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. I. Bartoli, R. Phillips, F. L. D. Scalea et al., “Load monitoring in multiwire strands by interwire ultrasonic measurements,” in Proceedings of the Smart Structures & Materials & Nondestructive Evaluation & Health Monitoring (SPIE), vol. 6932, p. 693209-1-693209-11, 2008.
  22. S. Chaki and G. Bourse, “Guided ultrasonic waves for non-destructive monitoring of the stress levels in prestressed steel strands,” Ultrasonics, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 162–171, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. C. Nucera and F. L. Di Scalea, “Monitoring load levels in multi-wire strands by nonlinear ultrasonic waves,” Structural Health and Monitoring, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 617–629, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. X. Liu, B. Wu, F. Qin, C. He, and Q. Han, “Observation of ultrasonic guided wave propagation behaviours in pre-stressed multi-wire structures,” Ultrasonics, vol. 73, pp. 196–205, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. J. Seshadrinath, B. Singh, and B. K. Panigrahi, “Incipient turn fault detection and condition monitoring of induction machine using analytical wavelet transform,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 2235–2242, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. F. Al-Badour, M. Sunar, and L. Cheded, “Vibration analysis of rotating machinery using time-frequency analysis and wavelet techniques,” Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 2083–2101, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. C. E. Shannon, “A mathematical theory of communication,” Bell Labs Technical Journal, vol. 27, pp. 379–423, 623--656, 1948. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet · View at Scopus
  28. L. Xiaohua, H. Jing, L. Vue, and W. Zhiqi, “Fault current identification of DC traction power supply system based on lmd time-frequency entropy,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Power and Renewable Energy, ICPRE '17, pp. 237–240, Shanghai, China, October 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. L. G. Li, G. X. Liu, and C. Y. Hu, “Entropy Concept and Its Application in Engineering Test,” Machine Tool & Hydraulics, vol. 3, pp. 259–261, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  30. D. Datta and N. N. Kishore, “Features of ultrasonic wave propagation to identify defects in composite materials modelled by finite element method,” NDT & E International, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 213–223, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus