Table 1: Strand geometric and material parameters adopted for numerical analysis.

Geometric parameterMaterial parameter

Center wire diameter, (mm)5.08Young’s modulus, (GPa)196
Peripheral wire diameter, (mm)5.08Poisson’s ratio, 0.29
Strand diameter, (mm)15.2Density, (kg/m3)7850
Peripheral pitch, (mm)230Yield load, (kN)203
Peripheral twist angle, (°)7.9Ultimate tensile stress, UTS (MPa)1860