Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
TheScientificWorldJOURNAL
Volume 1, Pages 142-147
http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/tsw.2001.454
Research Article

Alternate Nitrogen Amendments for Organic Fertilizers

Organo-Mineral Fertilizer Research and Development Group, Division of Environmental Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

Academic Editor: Joe Wisniewski

Copyright © 2001 M.K.C. Sridhar et al.

Abstract

The use of compost or manure in agriculture as an organic source of nutrients is common in many tropical, developing countries like Nigeria. One of the drawbacks of such materials is their low nitrogen (N) content (=1% N). Farmers commonly use chemical N fertilizers such as urea, calcium ammonium nitrate (CAN), and NPK formulations to obtain better crop growth and yield. These chemical supplements may have a negative impact on the environment through nitrate leaching into water, leading to eutrophication of surface waters that can affect public health. Gliricidia sepium, a fast-growing, tropical, perennial hedge plant was tested as a source of N in organo-mineral fertilizer formulations. Average nutrient content of Gliricidia is 3.8% N, 0.32% P, 1.8% K, 0.8% Ca, and 0.2% Mg. Using a sand culture and Amaranthus caudatus as a test crop, it was shown that amending commercial composts with 30% Gliricidia prunings would benefit many small-scale farmers and control environmental pollution.