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Volume 4, Pages 23-28
Review Article

Electromagnetic Fields and Human Endocrine System

1Department of Electron Microscopy, Chair of Pathomorphology, Medical University of Lodz, Poland
2Department of Endocrinology and Isotope Therapy, Medical University of Lodz; Polish Mother's Memorial Hospital – Research Institute, Lodz, Poland
3Chair of Rehabilitation, Swietokrzyska Academy, Branch of Piotrkow, Poland

Received 22 June 2004; Revised 18 August 2004; Accepted 18 August 2004

Copyright © 2004 Michal Karasek and Marta Woldanska-Okonska.


Extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF EMF) are commonly present in daily life all over the world. Moreover, EMF are used in the physiotherapy of many diseases because of their beneficial effects. There is widespread public concern that EMF may have potential consequences for human health. Although experimental animal studies indicate that EMF may influence secretion of some hormones, the data on the effects of EMF on human endocrine system are scarce. Most of the results concentrate on influence of EMF on secretion of melatonin. In this review, the data on the influence of EMF on human endocrine system are briefly presented and discussed.