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Volume 5, Pages 58-61
Research Article

Vitamin B12 Deficiency in Persons with Intellectual Disability in a Vegetarian Residential Care Community

1Kfar Rafael Residential Care Center, Clalit Health Services and Division for Community Health, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel
2Clalit Health Services and Recanati School for Community Health Professions, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel
3Faculty of Social Science, Department of Behavioral Sciences, Academic College of Judea and Samaria, Ariel, Israel
4National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Office of the Medical Director, Division for Mental Retardation, Ministry of Social Affairs, Jerusalem and Zusman Child Development Center, Division of Pediatrics and Community Health, Ben Gurion University, Beer-Sheva, Israel

Received 15 November 2004; Revised 27 December 2004; Accepted 28 December 2004

Copyright © 2005 Mohammed Morad et al.


The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of vitamin B12 deficiency among intellectually disabled persons in a vegetarian remedial community in Israel. In this community, 47 individuals with intellectual disability (ID) live in 7 enlarged families in a kibbutz style agricultural setting. These 47 individuals and 17 of their caregivers were screened for vitamin B12 deficiency. There were 25.5% of the disabled vs. 11.8% of the caregivers found to have levels of vitamin B12 lower than 157 pg/ml. It is concluded that persons with ID in this vegetarian residential care community seemed to be at a higher risk for vitamin B12 deficiency.