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TheScientificWorldJOURNAL
Volume 5, Pages 370-376
http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/tsw.2005.48
Research Article

Factors Affecting Placement of a Child with Intellectual Disability

1Faculty of Social Science, Department of Behavioral Sciences, Faculty of Social Science, Academic College of Judea and Samaria, Ariel, Israel
2National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and Center for Multidisciplinary Research in Aging, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Office of the Medical Director, Division for Mental Retardation, Ministry of Social Affairs, Jerusalem, Israel

Received 30 November 2004; Revised 16 April 2005; Accepted 17 April 2005

Copyright © 2005 Isack Kandel and Joav Merrick.

Abstract

Parents of disabled children often face the question whether or not to keep the child at home or to place them. The choice between the two alternatives resides with the parents and various factors influence their decision. Several researchers have identified these factors, which include child-related parameters, family and parental attitudes, the influence of the social environment, and the external assistance provided to the family. In a pilot study, we attempted to isolate the main factors involved in the parental decision either to keep the child at home or place the child by examining a sample comprised of 50 parents of children suffering severe intellectual disability studying in a special education school and 48 parents of adults with intellectual disability working in sheltered workshops. Each parent filled out a questionnaire used in a study in the United States and results of the research indicated parental-related factors as the dominant factors that delayed the placement of their child in residential care; guilt feelings were the main factor.