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Volume 5 (2005), Pages 922-932
Review Article

IVF and ICSI in Male Infertility: Update on Outcomes, Risks, and Costs

Scott Department of Urology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA

Received 17 September 2005; Revised 3 November 2005; Accepted 3 November 2005

Copyright © 2005 Edward Karpman et al.


Assisted reproductive technology with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is becoming an international panacea for couples struggling with infertility. The increasing popularity of these techniques and the data generated has given us a better understanding of the efficacy, consequences and costs of these procedures. There still remain many unanswered questions and controversies surrounding the use of IVF and ICSI. Increased experience, better refinement of these techniques and clearer indications for IVF and ICSI will inevitably minimize the risks associated with this procedure.