The Scientific World Journal

The Scientific World Journal / 2006 / Article

Review Article | Open Access

Volume 6 |Article ID 280363 | https://doi.org/10.1100/tsw.2006.221

Jean Decety, Claus Lamm, "Human Empathy Through the Lens of Social Neuroscience", The Scientific World Journal, vol. 6, Article ID 280363, 18 pages, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1100/tsw.2006.221

Human Empathy Through the Lens of Social Neuroscience

Academic Editor: Michael Posner
Received19 Jun 2006
Revised02 Sep 2006
Accepted06 Sep 2006

Abstract

Empathy is the ability to experience and understand what others feel without confusion between oneself and others. Knowing what someone else is feeling plays a fundamental role in interpersonal interactions. In this paper, we articulate evidence from social psychology and cognitive neuroscience, and argue that empathy involves both emotion sharing (bottom-up information processing) and executive control to regulate and modulate this experience (top-down information processing), underpinned by specific and interacting neural systems. Furthermore, awareness of a distinction between the experiences of the self and others constitutes a crucial aspect of empathy. We discuss data from recent behavioral and functional neuroimaging studies with an emphasis on the perception of pain in others, and highlight the role of different neural mechanisms that underpin the experience of empathy, including emotion sharing, perspective taking, and emotion regulation.


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