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Volume 6, Pages 122-124
Clinical Images

Malignant Hypertension: Ocular Manifestations

1Ophthalmology Department, Hospital Universitari Bellvitge, Barcelona, Spain
2Ophthalmology Department, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebró, Barcelona, Spain
3Ophthalmology Department, Hospital Universitari Sagrat Cor, Institut català de Retina, Barcelona, Spain

Received 3 January 2006; Accepted 5 January 2006

Academic Editor: Daniel Batlle

Copyright © 2006 Silvia Muñoz et al.


Malignant hypertension may be the first manifestation of systemic hypertension. We report a clinical case of a Caucasian 41-year-old man with no previous history of blood hypertension seen at casualty because of blurred vision. Fundus examination disclosed optic disk swelling, retinal hemorrhages and infarcts. The blood pressure was 220/130 mmHg. After the appropriate management of hypertension, optic disk and retinal edema resolved, leaving minor changes as mild optic disk pallor and hard exudates.