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TheScientificWorldJOURNAL
Volume 10 (2010), Pages 633-643
http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/tsw.2010.46
Mini-Review Article

Two Sides of the Same Coin: TFIIH Complexes in Transcription and DNA Repair

IGBMC Department of Functional Genomics, CNRS/INSERM/ULP, BP 163, 67404 Illkirch Cedex, C. U. Strasbourg, France

Received 2 December 2009; Revised 25 February 2010; Accepted 26 February 2010

Academic Editor: Martin Goette

Copyright © 2010 Alexander Zhovmer et al.

Abstract

TFIIH is organized into a seven-subunit core associated with a three-subunit Cdk-activating kinase (CAK) module. TFIIH has roles in both transcription initiation and DNA repair. During the last 15 years, several studies have been conducted to identify the composition of the TFIIH complex involved in DNA repair. Recently, a new technique combining chromatin immunoprecipitation and western blotting resolved the hidden nature of the TFIIH complex participating in DNA repair. Following the recruitment of TFIIH to the damaged site, the CAK module is released from the core TFIIH, and the core subsequently associates with DNA repair factors. The release of the CAK is specifically driven by the recruitment of the DNA repair factor XPA and is required to promote the incision/excision of the damaged DNA. Once the DNA lesions have been repaired, the CAK module returns to the core TFIIH on the chromatin, together with the release of the repair factors. These data highlight the dynamic composition of a fundamental cellular factor that adapts its subunit composition to the cell needs.