Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
TheScientificWorldJOURNAL
Volume 10, Pages 944-953
http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/tsw.2010.85
Review Article

An Emerging Role for IQGAP1 in Regulating Protein Traffic

Department of Molecular Pharmacology, Physiology and Biotechnology, Division of Biology and Medicine, Alpert School of Medicine, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA

Received 4 February 2010; Revised 14 April 2010; Accepted 15 April 2010

Academic Editor: Norbert Perrimon

Copyright © 2010 Mahasin¬†Osman.

Abstract

IQGAP1, an effector of CDC42p GTPase, is a widely conserved, multifunctional protein that bundles F-actin through its N-terminus and binds microtubules through its C-terminus to modulate the cell architecture. It has emerged as a potential oncogene associated with diverse human cancers. Therefore, IQGAP1 has been heavily investigated; regardless, its precise cellular function remains unclear. Work from yeast suggests that IQGAP1 plays an important role in directed cell growth, which is a conserved feature crucial to morphogenesis, division axis, and body plan determination. New evidence suggests a conserved role for IQGAP1 in protein synthesis and membrane traffic, which may help to explain the diversity of its cellular functions. Membrane traffic mediates infections by intracellular pathogens and a range of degenerative human diseases arise from dysfunctions in intracellular traffic; thus, elucidating the mechanisms of cellular traffic will be important in order to understand the basis of a wide range of inherited and acquired human diseases. Recent evidence suggests that IQGAP1 plays its role in cell growth through regulating the conserved mTOR pathway. The mTOR signaling cascade has been implicated in membrane traffic and is activated in nearly all human cancers, but clinical response to the mTOR-specific inhibitor rapamycin has been disappointing. Thus, understanding the regulators of this pathway will be crucial in order to identify predictors of rapamycin sensitivity. In this review, I discuss emerging evidence that supports a potential role of IQGAP1 in regulating membrane traffic via regulating the mTOR pathway.