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TheScientificWorldJOURNAL
Volume 11, Pages 917-929
http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/tsw.2011.96
Research Article

Collagen Fibrils in Cultured and Wild Sea Bream (Sparus aurata) Liver. An Electron Microscopy and Image Analysis Study

1Department of Ichthyology and Aquatic Environment, School of Agricultural Sciences, University of Thessaly, Nea Ionia, Magnisia, Greece
2School of Biological Sciences (Zoology), University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
3Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Institute of Aquaculture, Agios Kosmas, Athens, Greece

Received 22 November 2010; Revised 22 February 2011; Accepted 4 April 2011

Academic Editor: Margaret Tzaphlidou

Copyright © 2011 Panagiotis Berillis et al.

Abstract

This study aims to measure liver collagen fibril diameter in cultured and wild sea breams (Sparus aurata). Cultured sea breams were fed three isonitrogenous diets. The organically produced feed contained sustainable certified fish meal (45%), fish oil (14%), and organic certified wheat; the laboratory feed contained fish meal (45%), fish oil (14%), wheat meal, and soya meal; and the commercial feed included fish meal (46%), fish oil (17%), soya meal, wheat meal, and corn gluten meal. The organic diet had higher amounts of vitamins A, C, and E; specific amino acids; and minerals that enhanced the biosynthesis of collagen. This study shows that fish fed the organic feed had significantly bigger collagen fibril diameters than the fish fed the conventional feed. Furthermore, the organically fed fish had similarly sized collagen fibril diameters as wild fish. More research is needed to understand the long-term effects and the mechanism and function of fish collagen peptide intake on lipid absorption and metabolism; and to identify dietary regimes that are able to improve whole body lipid profiles and suppress the transient increase of plasma triglycerides.