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TheScientificWorldJOURNAL
Volume 11 (2011), Pages 546-567
http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/tsw.2011.33
Research Article

Prevention of Adolescent Problem Behavior: Longitudinal Impact of the Project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong

Daniel T. L. Shek1,2,3,4,5 and Lu Yu1

1Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
2Public Policy Research Institute, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
3Department of Social Work, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China
4Kiang Wu Nursing College of Macau, Macau, China
5Department of Pediatrics, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY, USA

Received 8 December 2010; Revised 31 December 2010; Accepted 1 January 2011

Academic Editor: Joav Merrick

Copyright © 2011 Daniel T. L. Shek and Lu Yu.

Citations to this Article [80 citations]

The following is the list of published articles that have cited the current article.

  • Ben M. F. Law, and Daniel T. L. Shek, “Process Evaluation of a Positive Youth Development Program: Project PATHS,” Research on Social Work Practice, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 539–548, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T.L. Shek, Lu Yu, and Vicky Y.T. Ho, “Subjective outcome evaluation of a positive youth development program targeting students with greater psychosocial needs,” International Journal on Disability and Human Development, vol. 10, no. 3, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Rachel C. F. Sun, and Daniel T. L. Shek, “Positive Youth Development, Life Satisfaction and Problem Behaviour Among Chinese Adolescents in Hong Kong: A Replication,” Social Indicators Research, vol. 105, no. 3, pp. 541–559, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Tak Yan Lee, and Ben M. F. Law, “Teaching Money Literacy in a Positive Youth Development Program: The Project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong,” The Scientific World JOURNAL, vol. 11, pp. 2287–2298, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, Hing Keung Ma, and Rachel C. F. Sun, “A Brief Overview of Adolescent Developmental Problems in Hong Kong,” The Scientific World JOURNAL, vol. 11, pp. 2243–2256, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Florence K.Y. Wu, and Daniel T.L. Shek, “From experienced to novice: A reflective account on the changing role of front-line implementer to program trainer in Project P.A.T.H.S.,” International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 195–199, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Florence K.Y. Wu, and Daniel T.L. Shek, “The role of program, people, process, policy and place (5Ps) in the implementation of a positive youth development program,” International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 201–206, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T.L. Shek, and Pik Fong Tsui, “Program implementers' evaluation of Project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong: A study based on different cohorts,” International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 213–222, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T.L. Shek, and Lu Yu, “A stakeholder-collaborative evaluation of intervention for students with greater psychosocial needs,” International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 223–230, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T.L. Shek, and Cecilia M.S. Ma, “Impact of Project P.A.T.H.S. on adolescent developmental outcomes in Hong Kong: Findings based on seven waves of data,” International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 231–244, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T.L. Shek, “Qualitative evaluation of Project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong: Focus groups based on Secondary 3 program implementers,” International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 245–252, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T.L. Shek, and Cecilia M.S. Ma, “Implementation of the secondary 3 Program of Project P.A.T.H.S.: Observations based on the co-walker scheme,” International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 261–266, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T.L. Shek, and Florence K.Y. Wu, “Quantitative evaluation of the revised training program Project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong,” International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 267–272, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T.L. Shek, Daniel W.M. Lung, and Yammy L.Y. Chak, “Implementation of a positive youth development program by class teachers in a Chinese context,” International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 273–280, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T.L. Shek, Rachel C.F. Sun, and Joav Merrick, “Support for Project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong: Continuation of positive evaluation evidence,” International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 191–193, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T.L. Shek, Lu Yu, and Vicky Y.T. Ho, “Implementation of the secondary 2 program of project P.A.T.H.S.: Observations based on the co-walker scheme,” International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 253–260, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, and Rachel C. F. Sun, “Focus group evaluation of a positive youth development course in a university in Hong Kong,” International Journal on Disability and Human Development, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 249–254, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, “Development of a positive youth development subject in a university context in Hong Kong,” International Journal on Disability and Human Development, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 173–179, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, and Rachel C. F. Sun, “Process evaluation of a positive youth development course in a university setting in Hong Kong,” International Journal on Disability and Human Development, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 235–241, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, and Rachel C. F. Sun, “Promoting psychosocial competencies in university students: Evaluation based on a one-group pre-test/post-test design,” International Journal on Disability and Human Development, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 229–234, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, Rachel C. F. Sun, and Joav Merrick, “How to promote holistic development in university students?,” International Journal on Disability and Human Development, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 171–172, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Stan Kutcher, and Yifeng Wei, “Mental health and the school environment,” Current Opinion in Psychiatry, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 311–316, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Xiao Y. Han, and Daniel T. L. Shek, “Socio-demographic and family correlates of hopelessness among adolescents in Shanghai, China,” International Journal on Disability and Human Development, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 113–119, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, Cecilia M. S. Ma, and Christina Y. P. Tang, “Delinquency and problem behavior intention among early adolescents in Hong Kong: Profiles and psychosocial correlates,” International Journal on Disability and Human Development, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 151–158, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Xiao Y. Han, and Daniel T. L. Shek, “Perceived parental behavioral control and psychological control in Chinese adolescents in Shanghai,” International Journal on Disability and Human Development, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 107–112, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, and Lu Yu, “Internet addiction in Hong Kong adolescents: Profiles and psychosocial correlates,” International Journal on Disability and Human Development, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 133–142, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, and Cecilia M. S. Ma, “Consumption of pornographic materials among early adolescents in Hong Kong: Profiles and psychosocial correlates,” International Journal on Disability and Human Development, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 143–150, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Rachel C. F. Sun, Daniel T. L. Shek, and Joav Merrick, “Adolescent problem behaviors: A manifestation of their underlying needs,” International Journal on Disability and Human Development, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 89–90, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Richard F Catalano, Abigail A Fagan, Loretta E Gavin, Mark T Greenberg, Charles E Irwin, David A Ross, and Daniel TL Shek, “Worldwide application of prevention science in adolescent health,” The Lancet, vol. 379, no. 9826, pp. 1653–1664, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Richard F. Catalano, Abigail A. Fagan, Loretta E. Gavin, Mark T. Greenberg, Charles E. Irwin Jr., David A. Ross, and Daniel T.L. Shek, “Worldwide application of prevention science in adolescent health,” The Lancet, vol. 379, no. 9826, pp. 1653–1664, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Rachel C. F. Sun, and Daniel T. L. Shek, “Longitudinal Influences of Positive Youth Development and Life Satisfaction on Problem Behaviour among Adolescents in Hong Kong,” Social Indicators Research, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Hing Keung Ma, “Moral Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review,” Scientific World Journal, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T.L. Shek, and Joav Merrick, “Disability research in China: gaps and future directions,” International Journal on Disability and Human Development, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 1–4, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Xiao Y. Han, and Daniel T.L. Shek, “Perceived parent-child relational qualities and parental control in Chinese adolescents in Shanghai,” International Journal on Disability and Human Development, vol. 11, no. 1, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, “Qualitative Evaluation of the Project P.A.T.H.S.: An Integration of Findings Based on Program Implementers,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2012, pp. 1–14, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, and Yammy L. Y. Chak, “Evaluation of the Training Program of the Project P.A.T.H.S.: Findings Based on the Perspective of the Participants from Different Cohorts,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2012, pp. 1–10, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, and Rachel C. F. Sun, “The Project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong—Lessons Learned and Implications for Positive Youth Development Programs,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2012, pp. 1–6, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, and Tak Yan Lee, “Helping Adolescents with Greater Psychosocial Needs: Subjective Outcome Evaluation Based on Different Cohorts,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2012, pp. 1–10, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Ben M. F. Law, and Daniel T. L. Shek, “Process Evaluation of a Positive Youth Development Program in Hong Kong Based on Different Cohorts,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2012, pp. 1–9, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, and Cecilia M. S. Ma, “Program Implementers' Evaluation of the Project P.A.T.H.S.: Findings Based on Different Datasets over Time,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2012, pp. 1–10, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, and Lu Yu, “Self-Harm and Suicidal Behaviors in Hong Kong Adolescents: Prevalence and Psychosocial Correlates,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2012, pp. 1–14, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, “Postlecture Evaluation of a Positive Youth Development Subject for University Students in Hong Kong,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2012, pp. 1–8, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, Rachel C. F. Sun, and Joav Merrick, “Development of Chinese Adolescents: Assessment, Issues, and Intervention,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2012, pp. 1–4, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, and Lu Yu, “Internet Addiction Phenomenon in Early Adolescents in Hong Kong,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2012, pp. 1–9, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, and Lu Yu, “Interim Evaluation of the Project P.A.T.H.S.: Findings Based on Different Datasets,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2012, pp. 1–8, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, and Pik Fong Tsui, “Family and Personal Adjustment of Economically Disadvantaged Chinese Adolescents in Hong Kong,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2012, pp. 1–8, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, Rachel C. F. Sun, and Joav Merrick, “Positive Youth Development Constructs: Conceptual Review and Application,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2012, pp. 1–3, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, and Cecilia M. S. Ma, “Impact of the Project P.A.T.H.S. in the Junior Secondary School Years: Objective Outcome Evaluation Based on Eight Waves of Longitudinal Data,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2012, pp. 1–12, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, and Rachel C. F. Sun, “Participants’ Evaluation of the Project P.A.T.H.S.: Are Findings Based on Different Datasets Consistent?,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2012, pp. 1–9, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, Rachel C. F. Sun, Y. H. Chui, S. W. Lit, Walter W. Yuen, Yida Y. H. Chung, and S. W. Ngai, “Development and Evaluation of a Positive Youth Development Course for University Students in Hong Kong,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2012, pp. 1–8, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, and Lu Yu, “Longitudinal Impact of the Project PATHS on Adolescent Risk Behavior: What Happened after Five Years?,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2012, pp. 1–13, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, “Secondary Data Analyses of Subjective Outcome Evaluation Data Based on Nine Databases,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2012, pp. 1–10, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, and Rachel C. F. Sun, “Evaluation of the Project P.A.T.H.S. Based on Students’ Weekly Diaries: Findings from Eight Datasets,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2012, pp. 1–14, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, “Evaluation of a Positive Youth Development Program Based on the Repertory Grid Test,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2012, pp. 1–12, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, and Cecilia M. S. Ma, “Consumption of Pornographic Materials among Hong Kong Early Adolescents: A Replication,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2012, pp. 1–8, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, “Spirituality as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2012, pp. 1–8, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, Lu Yu, and Vicky Y. T. Ho, “Subjective Outcome Evaluation and Factors Related to Perceived Effectiveness of the Project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2012, pp. 1–10, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, and Cecilia M. S. Ma, “Subjective Outcome Evaluation of the Project P.A.T.H.S. in Different Cohorts of Students,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2012, pp. 1–9, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, and Rachel C. F. Sun, “Qualitative Evaluation of Project P.A.T.H.S.: An Integration of Findings Based on Program Participants,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2012, pp. 1–12, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Hing Keung Ma, “Behavioral Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2012, pp. 1–7, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T. L. Shek, and Lu Yu, “Subjective Outcome Evaluation of the Project P.A.T.H.S. (Extension Phase) Based on the Perspective of Program Implementer,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2012, pp. 1–8, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Lu Yu, and Daniel Tan Lei Shek, “Internet Addiction in Hong Kong Adolescents: A Three-Year Longitudinal Study,” Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. S10–S17, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • T.Y. Lee, and D.T.L. Shek, “Compensated Dating in Hong Kong: Prevalence, Psychosocial Correlates, and Relationships with Other Risky Behaviors,” Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. S42–S48, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Janet T.Y. Leung, and Daniel T.L. Shek, “Parenting for resilience: Family processes and psychosocial competence of Chinese adolescents experiencing economicdisadvantage in Hong Kong,” International Journal on Disability and Human Development, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 127–137, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Janet T.Y. Leung, and Daniel T.L. Shek, “Are family processes related to achievement motivation of Chinese adolescents experiencing economic disadvantage in Hong Kong ?,” International Journal on Disability and Human Development, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 115–125, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T.L. Shek, Rachel C.F. Sun, and Joav Merrick, “Neglected research on Chinese adolescent development,” International Journal on Disability and Human Development, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 103–105, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T.L Shek, and Eunice P.Y Yim, “Impact of staff commitment and morale on the implementation of the project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong,” International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 373–383, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel T.L. Shek, Lu Yu, Rachel C.F. Sun, Tak Yan Lee, Xiao Yan Han, Xi Xi Li, and Xin Zhao, “Objective outcome evaluation of a positive youth development program in China,” International Journal on Disability and Human Development, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 255–265, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
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  • Federica Sancassiani, Elisa Pintus, Arne Holte, Peter Paulus, Maria Francesca Moro, Giulia Cossu, Matthias C Angermeyer, Mauro Giovanni Carta, and Jutta Lindert, “Enhancing the Emotional and Social Skills of the Youth to Promote their Wellbeing and Positive Development: A Systematic Review of Universal School-based Randomized Controlled Trials.,” Clinical practice and epidemiology in mental health : CP & EMH, vol. 11, no. Suppl1M2, pp. 21–40, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
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