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TheScientificWorldJOURNAL
Volume 11, Pages 1679-1691
http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/2011/853474
Review Article

An Overview of DNA Repair in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Section of Medical Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Pisa, Via S. Giuseppe 22, 56126 Pisa, Italy

Received 13 June 2011; Accepted 2 September 2011

Academic Editor: R. E. Tanzi

Copyright © 2011 Fabio Coppedè. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as motor neuron disease (MND), is an adult onset neurodegenerative disorder characterised by the degeneration of cortical and spinal cord motor neurons, resulting in progressive muscular weakness and death. Increasing evidence supports mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative DNA damage in ALS motor neurons. Several DNA repair enzymes are activated following DNA damage to restore genome integrity, and impairments in DNA repair capabilities could contribute to motor neuron degeneration. After a brief description of the evidence of DNA damage in ALS, this paper focuses on the available data on DNA repair activity in ALS neuronal tissue and disease animal models. Moreover, biochemical and genetic data on DNA repair in ALS are discussed in light of similar findings in other neurodegenerative diseases.