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TheScientificWorldJOURNAL
Volume 11, Pages 2178-2186
http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/2011/984321
Clinical Study

Evaluation of Task Shifting in Community-Based DOTS Program as an Effective Control Strategy for Tuberculosis

1Department of Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA
2Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 4301 W. Markham Street, Slot 516, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA

Received 28 July 2011; Accepted 26 August 2011

Academic Editor: K. Kayser

Copyright © 2011 André P. Gabriel and Charles P. Mercado. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) remains to be the most prevalent and debilitating pulmonary (PTB) infection in the world today, affecting about one-third of the world's population. TB is an endemic disease in many developing countries, and efforts at eliminating the disease remain futile. While the course of the disease is indolent with years of latency, the reactivation of the disease can pose serious pulmonary and systemic infections that compromise multiple organ functions which lead to respiratory failure or end-organ damage. Despite attempts to control and eradicate the mycobacterium, the prevalence of the disease remains high due to increasing population rate, persistence of poverty and poor health care, treatment failure, increasing multidrug resistance as a consequence of treatment failure and poor compliance, and existence of comorbid conditions that compromise immune response. Limited government resources to screen and monitor disease progression of TB in third world countries hamper the eradication of the disease. In response, we have evaluated the efficiency and effectivity of a Community-Based Directly Observed Treatment, Short-Course (CB-DOTS), which is an equally effective alternative strategy to health center DOTS.