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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2012, Article ID 140564, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/2012/140564
Research Article

Risk Communication as a Tool for Training Apprentice Welders: A Study about Risk Perception and Occupational Accidents

1School of Nursing, Federal University of Rio Grande, Rio Grande, RS, Brazil
2Federal University of Pampa, Uruguaiana, Rio Grande, RS, Brazil
3School of Chemistry and Food, Federal University of Rio Grande, 96201-900 Rio Grande, RS, Brazil
4Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Rio Grande, Rio Grande, RS, Brazil

Received 6 October 2012; Accepted 4 December 2012

Academic Editors: C. Fernandez-Llatas and O. Lazaro

Copyright © 2012 Marta Regina Cezar-Vaz et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The present study has aimed to identify the perceptions of apprentice welders about physical, chemical, biological, and physiological risk factors to which they are exposed; identify types of occupational accidents involving apprentice welders; and report the development of a socioenvironmental education intervention as a tool for risk communication for apprentice welders. A quantitative study was performed with 161 apprentice welders in Southern Brazil in 2011. Data collection was performed via structured interviews with the apprentice welders about risk perception, occupational accidents, and time experienced in welding. The data were analyzed using SPSS 19.0. The participants identified the following risk types: physical (96.9%), chemical (95%), physiological (86.3%), and biological (51.5%). In this sample, 39.7% of apprentice welders reported occupational accidents and 27.3% reported burning. The inferential analysis showed that the frequency of risk perception factors increases with the length of experience, and apprentice welders who have experienced accidents during welding activity perceive a higher amount of risk factors than those who have never experienced them. It is concluded that apprentice welders perceive risks and that they tend to relate risks with the occurrence of occupational accidents as an indicator of the dangerous nature of their activity.