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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 287907, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/2012/287907
Research Article

Water Use Efficiency and Physiological Response of Rice Cultivars under Alternate Wetting and Drying Conditions

1Crop Physiology, Ecology, and Production Center (CPEP), Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha, Hunan 410128, China
2Agricultural College, Yangtze University, Jingzhou, Hubei 434025, China
3Crop Physiology and Production Center (CPPC), MOA Key Laboratory of Crop Physiology, Ecology and Cultivation (The Middle Reaches of Yangtze River), Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, Hubei 430070, China
4Crop and Environmental Sciences Division, International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), DAPO Box 7777, Metro Manila, Philippines

Received 20 August 2012; Accepted 5 November 2012

Academic Editors: D. W. Archer and M. Dumont

Copyright © 2012 Yunbo Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

One of the technology options that can help farmers cope with water scarcity at the field level is alternate wetting and drying (AWD). Limited information is available on the varietal responses to nitrogen, AWD, and their interactions. Field experiments were conducted at the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) farm in 2009 dry season (DS), 2009 wet season (WS), and 2010 DS to determine genotypic responses and water use efficiency of rice under two N rates and two water management treatments. Grain yield was not significantly different between AWD and continuous flooding (CF) across the three seasons. Interactive effects among variety, water management, and N rate were not significant. The high yield was attributed to the significantly higher grain weight, which in turn was due to slower grain filling and high leaf N at the later stage of grain filling of CF. AWD treatments accelerated the grain filling rate, shortened grain filling period, and enhanced whole plant senescence. Under normal dry-season conditions, such as 2010 DS, AWD reduced water input by 24.5% than CF; however, it decreased grain yield by 6.9% due to accelerated leaf senescence. The study indicates that proper water management greatly contributes to grain yield in the late stage of grain filling, and it is critical for safe AWD technology.