Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2012, Article ID 308034, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/2012/308034
Research Article

Antibiotic Synergy Interaction against Multidrug-Resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolated from an Abattoir Effluent Environment

1Department of Microbiology, Ambrose Alli University, Private Mail Bag 14, Ekpoma 310001, Edo State, Nigeria
2Department of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Western Delta University, Private Mail Bag 10, Oghara 331100, Delta State, Nigeria
3Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Fort Hare, Private Bag X1314, Alice 5700, South Africa

Received 22 October 2011; Accepted 23 November 2011

Academic Editor: Hendrik K. van Saene

Copyright © 2012 Etinosa O. Igbinosa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. L. Aliaga, J. D. Mediavilla, and F. Cobo, “A clinical index predicting mortality with Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteraemia,” Journal of Medical Microbiology, vol. 51, no. 7, pp. 615–619, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. Aeschlimann, “The role of multidrug efflux pumps in the antibiotic resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and other gram-negative bacteria,” Pharmacotherapy, vol. 23, no. 7, pp. 916–924, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. P. D. Lister, D. J. Wolter, and N. D. Hanson, “Antibacterial-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa: clinical impact and complex regulation of chromosomally encoded resistance mechanisms,” Clinical Microbiology Reviews, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 582–610, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. G. P. Bodey, R. Bolivar, V. Fainstein, and L. Jadeja, “Infections caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa,” Reviews of Infectious Diseases, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 279–313, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  5. M. D. Obritsch, D. N. Fish, R. MacLaren, and R. Jung, “National surveillance of antimicrobial resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates obtained from intensive care unit patients from 1993 to 2002,” Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol. 48, no. 12, pp. 4606–4610, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. C. Bantar, M. Chiara, F. Nicola, S. Relloso, and J. Smayevsky, “Comparative in vitro bactericidal activity between cefepime and ceftazidime, alone and associated with amikacin, against carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains,” Diagnostic Microbiology & Infectious Disease, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 41–44, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. H. Giamarellou, “Prescribing guidelines for severe Pseudomonas infections,” Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 229–233, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. L. S. Clesceri, A. E. Greenberg, and A. D. Eaton, Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, chapter 9, American Public Health Association, American Water Works Association, Water Environmental Federation, Washington, DC, USA, 20th edition, 1998.
  9. Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI), Methods for Dilution of Antimicrobial Susceptibility Tests for Bacteria that Grow Aerobically: Approved Standard M7-A7, Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute, Wayne, Pa, USA, 7th edition, 2006.
  10. R. L. White, D. S. Burgess, M. Manduru, and J. A. Bosso, “Comparison of three different in vitro methods of detecting synergy: time-kill, checkerboard, and E test,” Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol. 40, no. 8, pp. 1914–1918, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. F. Strauss and G. F. Weldhagen, “Antibiotic synergy testing of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumanniiisolates—a pilot study,” Southern African Journal of Epidemiology and Infection, vol. 19, pp. 87–89, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  12. R. E. W. Hancock, “Resistance mechanisms in Pseudomonas aeruginosa and other nonfermentative gram-negative bacteria,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 27, supplement 1, pp. S93–S99, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. D. M. Livermore, “Of Pseudomonas, porins, pumps and carbapenems,” Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, vol. 47, no. 3, pp. 247–250, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. N. Sakurai-Komada, M. Hirano, I. Nagata, Y. Ejima, M. Nakamura, and K. A. Koike, “Risk of transmission of imipenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa through use of mobile bathing service,” Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 31–37, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. Goni-Urriza, M. Capdepuy, C. Arpin, N. Raymond, P. Caumette, and C. Quentin, “Impact of an urban effluent on antibiotic resistance of riverine Enterobacteriaceae and Aeromonas spp.,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 125–132, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. Prinsloo, A. M. S. van Straten, and G. F. Weldhagen, “Antibiotic synergy profiles of multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a nosocomial environment,” Southern African Journal of Epidemiology and Infections, vol. 23, pp. 7–9, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  17. T. Köhler, S. F. Epp, L. K. Curty, and J.-C. Pechère, “Characterization of MexT, the regulator of the MexE-MexF-OprN multidrug efflux system of Pseudomonas aeruginosa,” Journal of Bacteriology, vol. 181, no. 20, pp. 6300–6305, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  18. GaMJ and Eliopoulos, Antimicrobial Combinations, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, Md, USA, 5th edition, 2005.
  19. G. Bonfiglio, V. Carciotto, G. Russo et al., “Antibiotic resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa: an Italian survey,” Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 307–310, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. L. Poirel, G. F. Weldhagen, C. De Champs, and P. Nordmann, “A nosocomial outbreak of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates expressing the extended-spectrum ß-lactamase GES-2 in South Africa,” Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 561–565, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. F. Perez, A. M. Hujer, K. M. Hujer, B. K. Decker, P. N. Rather, and R. A. Bonomo, “Global challenge of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii,” Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol. 51, no. 10, pp. 3471–3484, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus