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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 379752, 14 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/2012/379752
Research Article

eVITAL: A Preliminary Taxonomy and Electronic Toolkit of Health-Related Habits and Lifestyle

1Asociación Española para el Estudio Científico del Envejecimiento Saludable (AECES), Calle Infante Don Fernando 17, Málaga, 29200 Antequera, Spain
2Asociación Científica PSICOST, Plaza de San Marcos 6, 11403 Jerez, Spain
3Harvard Medical School, c/o Peabody Society, 260 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA

Received 14 October 2011; Accepted 28 November 2011

Academic Editor: Javier Garcia Campayo

Copyright © 2012 Luis Salvador-Carulla et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. To create a preliminary taxonomy and related toolkit of health-related habits (HrH) following a person-centered approach with a focus on primary care. Methods. From 2003–2009, a working group ( 𝑛 = 6 physicians) defined the knowledge base, created a framing document, and selected evaluation tools using an iterative process. Multidisciplinary focus groups ( 𝑛 = 2 9 health professionals) revised the document and evaluation protocol and participated in a feasibility study and review of the model based on a demonstration study with 11 adult volunteers in Antequera, Spain. Results. The preliminary taxonomy contains 6 domains of HrH and 1 domain of additional health descriptors, 3 subdomains, 43 dimensions, and 141 subdimensions. The evaluation tool was completed by the 11 volunteers. The eVITAL toolkit contains history and examination items for 4 levels of engagement: self-assessment, basic primary care, extended primary care, and specialty care. There was positive feedback from the volunteers and experts, but concern about the length of the evaluation. Conclusions. We present the first taxonomy of HrH, which may aid the development of the new models of care such as the personal contextual factors of the International Classification of Functioning (ICF) and the positive and negative components of the multilevel person-centered integrative diagnosis model.