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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2012, Article ID 389623, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/2012/389623
Review Article

World Aquaculture: Environmental Impacts and Troubleshooting Alternatives

1Departamento de Tecnología de Alimentos de Origen Animal, Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo, Km. 0.7 Carretera a La Victoria, Hermosillo, SON, Mexico
2Departamento de Investigaciones Científicas y Tecnológicas de la Universidad de Sonora, Boulevard Luis Donaldo Colosio s/n, 83000 Hermosillo, SON, Mexico

Received 8 October 2011; Accepted 16 November 2011

Academic Editors: E. Gilman and J. Kotta

Copyright © 2012 Marcel Martinez-Porchas and Luis R. Martinez-Cordova. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aquaculture has been considered as an option to cope with the world food demand. However, criticisms have arisen around aquaculture, most of them related to the destruction of ecosystems such as mangrove forest to construct aquaculture farms, as well as the environmental impacts of the effluents on the receiving ecosystems. The inherent benefits of aquaculture such as massive food production and economical profits have led the scientific community to seek for diverse strategies to minimize the negative impacts, rather than just prohibiting the activity. Aquaculture is a possible panacea, but at present is also responsible for diverse problems related with the environmental health; however the new strategies proposed during the last decade have proven that it is possible to achieve a sustainable aquaculture, but such strategies should be supported and proclaimed by the different federal environmental agencies from all countries. Additionally there is an urgent need to improve legislation and regulation for aquaculture. Only under such scenario, aquaculture will be a sustainable practice.