The Scientific World Journal / 2012 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Exclusive Breastfeeding and Other Foods in the First Six Months of Life: Effects on Nutritional Status and Body Composition of Brazilian Children

Table 3

Prevalence of BMI/A changes, percentage of total body fat, from android region and waist circumference, and Crude odds ratio (confidence interval of 95%) according to maternal, pregnancy and birth variables, sex, age, and occurrence of hospitalizations of children from 4 to 7 years of age, Viçosa, MG, Brazil, 2010/11.

VariablesBMI/A ( -score)% of body fat1% of fat in android region1Waist circumference1
>+1
(%)
≤+1
(%)
OR
(IC 95%)
value≥P85
(%)
<P85
(%)
OR
(IC 95%)
value≥P85
(%)
<P85
(%)
OR
(IC 95%)
value≥P85
(%)
<P85
(%)
OR
(IC 95%)
value

Pregestational BMI
(kg/m2)2
 <24,9929 (18,7)126 (81,3)1,000,01623 (14,8)132 (85,2)1,00 1,000*23 (14,8)132 (85,2)1,00 1,000*19 (12,3)136 (87,7)1,000,010
 ≥25,0010 (40,0)15 (60,0)2,89 (1,18–7,09)3 (12,0)22 (88,0)0,78 (0,21–2,82)3 (12,0)22 (88,0)0,78 (0,21–2,82)8 (32,0)17 (68,0)3,36 (1,28–8,86)
Gestational weight gain3
 Not excessive22 (16,2)114 (83,8)1,000,00414 (10,3)122 (89,7)1,000,00315 (11,0)121 (89,0)1,000,01415 (11,0)121 (89,0)1,000,005
 Excessive14 (37,8)23 (62,2)3,15 (1,41–7,06)11 (29,7)26 (70,3)3,68 (1,50–9,03)10 (27,0)27 (73,0)2,98 (1,21–7,36)11 (29,7)26 (70,3)3,41 (1,40–8,27)
Mother’s smoking during pregnancy4
 No34 (19,9)137 (80,1)1,00 0,275*25 (14,6)146 (85,4)1,00 1,000*25 (14,6)146 (85,4)1,00 1,000*25 (14,6)146 (85,4)1,00 0,692*
 Yes4 (33,3)8 (66,7)2,01 (0,57–7,08)1 (8,3)11 (91,7)0,53 (0,06–4,29)1 (8,3)11 (91,7)0,53 (0,06–4,29)2 (16,7)10 (83,3)1,16 (0,24–5,65)
Birth weight (g)
 2500–29998 (12,9)54 (87,1)1,000,1365 (8,1)57 (91,9)1,00 0,2487 (11,3)55 (88,7)1,00 0,7377 (11,3)55 (88,7)1,00
 3000–349917 (27,0)46 (73,0)2,49 (0,98–6,31)11 (17,5)52 (82,5)2,41 (0,78–7,40)10 (15,9)53 (84,1)1,48 (0,52–4,18)10 (15,9)53 (84,1)1,48 (0,52–4,18)0,660
0,400**
 3500–399914 (23,1)46 (76,9)2,05 (0,79–5,33)10 (16,7)50 (83,3)2,28 (0,73–7,12)9 (15,0)51 (85,0)1,38 (0,48–3,99)10 (16,7)50 (83,3)1,57 (0,55–4,42)
Sex
 Male29 (28,7)72 (71,3)1,000,00514 (13,9)87 (86,1)1,00 0,93414 (13,9)87 (86,1)1,00 0,93414 (13,9)87 (86,1)1,00 0,757
 Female10 (11,9)74 (88,1)0,33 (0,15–0,73)12 (14,3)72 (85,7)1,03 (0,45–2,38)12 (14,3)72 (85,7)1,03 (0,45–2,38)13 (15,5)71 (84,5)1,14 (0,50–2,57)
Age (years)
 4-5 13 (15,5)71 (84,5)1,000,08812 (14,3)72 (85,7)1,000,93412 (14,3)72 (85,7)1,000,93413 (15,5)71 (84,5)1,00 0,757
 6-7 26 (25,7)75 (74,3)1,89 (0,90–3,97)14 (13,9)87 (86,1)0,96 (0,42–2,21)14 (13,9)87 (86,1)0,96 (0,42–2,21)14 (13,9)87 (86,1)0,88 (0,38–1,99)
Hospitalizations
 Yes14 (18,9)60 (81,1)1,000,55610 (13,5)64 (86,5)1,000,86310 (13,5)64 (86,5)1,000,86310 (13,5)64 (86,5)1,00 0,734
 No25 (22,5) 86 (77,5)1,24 (0,59–2,59)16 (14,4)95 (85,6)1,08 (0,46–2,52)16 (14,4)95 (85,6)1,08 (0,46–2,52)17 (15,3)94 (84,7)1,15 (0,49–2,69)

BMI: body mass index; A: age; OR: odds ratio; IC: interval of confidence; values derived from Chi-square test, Fisher’s Exact* and of linear tendency**; 1percentiles calculated from among sample children by sex and age; 2 ; 3 ; 4 . Values in bold represent statistical significance for inclusion in the multivariate analysis ( 0,20).

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.