The Scientific World Journal / 2012 / Article / Tab 6

Research Article

Exclusive Breastfeeding and Other Foods in the First Six Months of Life: Effects on Nutritional Status and Body Composition of Brazilian Children

Table 6

Values of Crude and adjusted odds ratio (intervals of confidence of 95%) in alternations of BMI/A percentage of body fat, total, and from the android region and waist circumference in accordance with different exclusive breastfeeding practices and consumption of other foods in the first 6 months of life of children from 4 to 7 years, Viçosa, MG, Brazil, 2010/11.

Variables of child feedingBMI/I ( -score)1% of body fat1% of fat from the android region2Waist circumference2
OR Crude
(IC 95%)
OR adjusted3 (IC 95%) value3 value*OR Crude
(IC 95%)
OR adjusted4 (IC 95%) value4 value*OR Crude
(IC 95%)
OR adjusted5 (IC 95%) value5 value*OR Crude
(IC 95%)
OR adjusted6 (IC 95%) value6 value*

Months in EBF
 00,41
(0,14–1,19)
0,34
(0,09–1,26)
0,192 0,4850,34
(0,09–1,27)
0,39
(0,08–1,74)
0,280 0,6500,37
(0,38–1,78)
0,56
(0,13–2,30)
0,576 0,7270,72
(0,24–2,15)
0,79
(0,18–3,40)
0,9020,704
 1–30,55
(0,24–1,23)
0,52
(0,19–1,37)
0,41
(0,15–1,10)
0,44
(0,13–1,43)
0,52
(0,10–1,37)
0,63
(0,22–1,81)
0,56
(0,21–1,48)
0,77
(0,23–2,57)
 4–61,001,000,124**1,001,000,077**1,001,000,139**1,001,00
Cow’s milk
 Yes0,80
(0,38–1,65)
0,67
(0,27–1,64)
0,3830,7500,55
(0,22–1,23)
0,47
(0,16–1,38)
0,1710,7200,67
(0,28–1,60)
0,58
(0,22–1,55)
0,2790,4720,91
(0,39–2,08)
0,76
(0,31–2,40)
0,7800,383
 No1,001,001,001,001,001,00
1,001,00
Infant dairy formulas
 Yes0,65
(0,30–1,41)
0,83
(0,33–2,07)
0,6970,6130,95
(0,39–2,26)
0,88
(0,31–2,50)
0,8130,8591,66
(0,72–3,85)
1,77
(0,68–4,64)
0,2410,210
1,28
(0,56–2,97)
1,61
(0,52–4,98)
0,4090,185
 No1,001,001,001,001,001,001,001,00
Age of introduction of solid foods (months)
 0–31,29
(0,56–2,94)
1,46
(0,53–4,04)
0,4600,2250,42
(0,12–1,49)
0,47
(0,12–1,87)
0,2850,4730,61
(0,20–1,89)
0,68
(0,18–2,48)
0,5570,2140,78
(0,28–2,23)
0,63
(0,16–2,46)
0,5080,080
 4–61,001,001,001,001,001,001,001,00

BMI: body mass index; A: age; EBF: exclusive breastfeeding; OR: odds ratio; IC: interval of confidence; 1cutoff considered for change inscore- of BMI/A > +1; 2cutoff considered for change: percentile: ≥85, of the percentiles calculated among children of the sample by sex and age; values derived from Hosmer’s and Lemeshow’s test*; linear tendency**; 3adjustment by prégestational BMI, gestational weight gain, birth weight, sex, age at the moment of assessment, mother’s age, income per capita, and daily hours at school; 4adjustment per gestational weight gain, mother’s education, daily time at active play, frequency of consumption of filled cookies, and chocolate milk; 5adjustment per gestational weight gain, mother’s age, daily time watching TV, daily time at active play, and frequency of consumption of filled cookies; 6adjustment per prégestational BMI, gestational weight gain, mother’s age, income per capita, daily time at active play, energy derived from lipids, and frequency of consumption of filled cookies.

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