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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 483214, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/2012/483214
Clinical Study

A Simple Method for Enema Administration in One-Day-Old Broiler Chicks

1Laboratory of Avian Pathology, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), 18618-970 Botucatu, SP, Brazil
2Department of Pathology, Botucatu Medical School, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), 18618-970 Botucatu, SP, Brazil
3Laboratory of Investigative and Comparative Pathology, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), 18618-970 Botucatu, SP, Brazil

Received 11 October 2011; Accepted 3 January 2012

Academic Editor: Takaaki Arigami

Copyright © 2012 Guilherme Augusto Marietto-Gonçalves et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The present study aimed to describe a simple technique for enema administration in one-day-old broiler chicks. For this purpose we used 455 unsexed health birds divided into four groups submitted to three different experimental protocols: in the first one, we measured the total length of the large intestine in order to establish a secure distance for probe introduction; in the second, we evaluated maximum compliance of large intestine and diffusion range; finally, based on results obtained we tested the hypothesis in 400 birds in order to standardize the method. Enema solutions applied in an intrarectal manner with a stainless steel gavage BD-10 probe into one-day-old broiler chicks at 0.2 mL at a distance of 1.5 cm proved to be a reliable method.